1. World Map /
  2. North America/
  3. Caribbean/
  4. Haiti


Haiti's Information

Flag of Haiti
Land Area 27,560 km2
Water Area 190 km2
Total Area 27,750km2 (#143)
Population 10,485,800 (#88)
Population Density 380.47/km2
Government Type Semi-presidential Republic
GDP (PPP) $19.34 Billion
GDP Per Capita $1,800
Currency Gourde (HTG)
Largest Cities

See Also

The island of Hispaniola, the second largest island in the Caribbean, contains two separate countries: the Dominican Republic and Haiti.

Columbus claimed Hispaniola in 1492, and it later became the major launching base for the Spanish conquest of the Caribbean, as well as the American mainland.

Subsequently, the Spanish conquistadors introduced disease and slavery, and the indigenous Arawak peoples were destroyed.

In the 17th Century, with the Spanish in control, the French established a colony on the island. The Spanish later ceded the western third of Hispaniola in 1697, which in 1804 became known as Haiti, at the conclusion of the Haitian Slave Revolt.

Since then, Haiti has been ruled by a seemingly endless line of dictators; who imposed absolute obedience to their authority. That political turmoil has continually divided Haiti into a very small and wealthy elite, and a large underclass of people with little or no economic or political power.

At the beginning of the 21st century, Haiti did struggle to establish the legitimacy of its government and to improve the economic and social conditions of its people.

In 2004, once again, the people revolted, as they continued to search for freedom and equality - long absent in their beloved country of Haiti.

On Tuesday, January 12, 2010, a massive earthquake struck Haiti. It had a catastrophic magnitude of 9.0, and it devastated many areas of the country.

An estimated three million people were affected by the quake, and the Haitian government reported that an estimated 316,000 people had died, 300,000 had been injured and 1,000,000 were made homeless.

The government of Haiti also estimated that 250,000 residences and 30,000 commercial buildings had collapsed or were severely damaged.

The earthquake caused major damage in Port-au-Prince, Jacmel and other settlements in the region. Many notable landmark buildings were significantly damaged or destroyed, including the Presidential Palace.

We hope for the best for Haiti as it struggles to recover. However, if you plan to travel to Haiti, you should be aware of uncertain security situations.

The risk of crime is high, including armed robberies, burglaries, kidnapping, murder and attacks on vehicles. You should also exercise extreme caution at all times of the day and avoid travel after dark.

This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.

Haiti Trivia

What Languages Are Spoken in Haiti?

French is the official language in Haiti. Other languages spoken in the country include Haitian Creole, Spanish, and English.

What Languages Are Spoken in Haiti?

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

Trending on WorldAtlas

Countries & Territories Of The Caribbean