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Spain timeline

  • (12000 BC) Stone Age hunters painted sophisticated cave art near Santander 
  • (1100 BC) Southern Iberia colonized by Phonecians 
  • (228 BC) Carthaginians occupied southern Iberia 
  • (218-220 BC) Iberian Peninsula taken over by Romans in Second Punic War 
74 AD - 900 AD
  • (74) Roman citizenship given to inhabitants of Iberia 
  • (237) Carthage invaded the Iberian Peninsula 
  • (711) Iberia invaded by Muslim army 
  • (756) Cordoba, capital of new independent Emirate, formed in Iberia 
  • (913) Christians set up capital in Leon after northern Spain territories are retaken 
1000s - 1400s
  • (1013) Spain seperated into small kingdoms 
  • (1085) Christian kingdom took over Toledo 
  • (1137) Kingdom of Aragon formed 
  • (1160-63) Muslim sect took control of Al-Andalus 
  • (1212) Reconquista eliminated Moorish rule 
  • (1248) Fernando III of Castille captured Seville 
  • (1469) Ferdinand of Aragon and Isabella of Castile marry, brought much needed stability 
  • (1478) The Catholic Spanish Inquisition began 
  • (1492) Granada captured, Moors defeated; Christopher Columbus began voyages of discovery 
1700s - 1800s
  • (1702-14) War of Spanish Succession; Bourbon dynasty accepted Spanish throne 
  • (1808-14) Peninsular War against Napoleon 
  • (1898) Spanish-American five-month War; Spain lost colonies including Cuba, Guam and Puerto Rico 
  • (1931) Spain became a Republic 
  • (1936-39) Francisco Franco forces victorious in Spanish Civil War; dictatorship established 
  • (1959) ETA established - a soon to be powerful Basque Fatherland and Freedom group 
  • (1968) West African colony of Spanish Guinea granted independence as Equatorial Guinea 
  • (1973) Basque nationalists assassinated Prime Minister Admiral Luis Carrero Blanco in Madrid 
  • (1975) Franco died, Juan Carlos de Borbon declared king. Spain became a constitutional monarchy 
  • (1977) Democratic elections held 
  • (1978) Spain's new constitution established a parliamentary monarchy 
  • (1980) ETA fighting killed 118 people 
Photos used are from public domain sources and from

1900s continued
  • (1981) Military coup failed 
  • (1982) Spain joined NATO 
  • (1986) Spain joined EEC 
  • (1992) Barcelona hosted Summer Olympic games; Seville hosted Expo 92 
  • (1995) Spain joined European Community 
  • (1996) Jose Maria Aznar became Prime Minister 
  • (1998) Donana National Park severely contaminated by a toxic waste spill 
  • (2000) ETA responsible for Madrid car bombings 
  • (2002) All currency replaced by the Euro; Oil tanker spill on north coast 
  • (2003) 62 Spanish peacekeepers returning from Afghanistan killed in plane crash in Turkey 
  • (2004) Islamic terrorists attacked Atocha train station in Madrid with bombs; 191 people killed, hundreds injured; Zapatero elected Prime Minister, Spanish troops left Iraq 
  • (2005) Madrid car bombing killed 40 
  • (2006) ETA declared ceasefire; Over 20,000 illegal immigrants from Africa arrived in the Canary Islands 
  • (2007) Spanish Embassy in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo, struck by grenade; seven people hurt at Running of the Bulls; forest fires on two Canary Islands forced 11,000 to evacuate 
  • (2008) Plane crash in Madrid killed 153; Historical Memory Law passed, people (approx. 500,000) who had to flee Spain during Civil War have right to apply for Spanish citizenship 


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