The island was discovered in 1767 by the British and settled in 1790 by the Bounty mutineers and their Tahitian companions. Pitcairn was the first Pacific island to become a British colony (in 1838) and today remains the last vestige of that empire in the South Pacific.Outmigration, primarily to New Zealand, has thinned the population from a peak of 233 in 1937 to less than 50 today
Quick Facts and Figures
- Official Name Pitcairn Islands (A British dependent territory, claimed 1887, including the (3) uninhabited outer islands of Ducie, Henderson and Oeno)
- Capital City Adamstown
- Languages English (official), Pitcairnese
- Official Currency New Zealand Dollar
- Religions Seventh-Day Adventist
- Population 48
- Land Area (all 4 islands) 47 sq km (18.1 sq mi)
- Latitude/Longitude 25º 04' S, 130º 06' W
- Marshall Islands
- New Zealand
- Papua New Guinea
- Solomon Islands
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