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American Symbols

United States Of America's Quick Facts

Land Area 9,147,593 km2
Water Area 685,924 km2
Total Area 9,833,517 km2
Population 323,995,528
Population Density 32.95 / km2
Government Type Constitutional Federal Republic
GDP (PPP) $18.60 Trillion
GDP Per Capita $57,300
Currency Dollar (USD)
Largest Cities
  • New York-Newark (18,803,552)
  • Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana (12,446,597)
  • Chicago (8,865,009)
  • Houston (6,370,704)
  • Dallas-Fort Worth (6,300,661)
  • Miami (6,122,134)
  • Atlanta (5,803,065)
  • Philadelphia (5,716,764)
  • Washington, D.C. (5,321,730)
  • Phoenix-Mesa (4,511,420)
USA Flag:
United States

features thirteen equal horizontal stripes of red (

top and bottom

) alternating with white; there is a blue rectangle in the upper hoist-side corner bearing 50 small, white, five-pointed stars arranged in nine offset horizontal rows of six stars (

top and bottom

) alternating with rows of five stars; the 50 stars represent the 50 states; the 13 stripes the 13

original colonies.

The flag is known as

Old Glory

, and no one knows for certain who designed it. Most historians believe that U.S. Congressman, Francis Hopkinson was the original designer, while a few still believe that Betsy Ross, a Philadelphia seamstress, made the first one.

A large selection of USA flags

Great Seal of the United States:

The seal was developed by Benjamin Franklin, John Adams and Thomas Jefferson at the direction of the delegates to the Constitutional Convention in 1776. A final design was approved in 1782, and today (

both sides

) are found on the back of the U.S. one-dollar bill, and often stamped onto specific documents, including foreign treaties and presidential proclamations.

Detailed drawings and additional information

National Emblem:
Bald Eagle

was officially declared the National Emblem of the

United States

by the Second Continental Congress in 1782. It was selected by the USA's founding fathers because it is a species unique to North America. It has become the living symbol of the USA's freedom, spirit and pursuit of excellence. Its image and symbolism have played a significant role in American architecture, art, folklore and music.

Official Motto: "In God We Trust"

Note that

"E Pluribus Unum" out of many, one

) was made popular during Revolutionary War times, and there is ample basis in Congressional actions, history and law for referring to it as a motto of the United States.

National Anthem: "The Star-Spangled Banner"

Originally a poem, it was composed by Francis Scott Key during the British bombardment of Fort McHenry;

History, Music and Words of the National Anthem

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