1. Home
  2. North America
  3. Montserrat

Montserrat History Timeline

Map of Montserrat caribbean sea large montserrat map caribbean sea atlantic ocean
Locator Map of Montserrat bahamas florida gulf of mexico mexico jamaica dominican republic st. vincent and the grenadines grenada central america atlantic ocean atlantic ocean usa honduras nicaragua panama caribbean sea pacific ocean puerto rico south america trinidad and tobago colombia barbados

Montserrat's Information

Flag of Montserrat
Land Area 102 km2
Water Area 0 km2
Total Area 102 km2
Population 5,267
Population Density 51.64 / km2
Government Type Parliamentary Democracy (Legislative Council); Self-Governing Overseas Territory Of The Uk
GDP (PPP) $43.78 Million
GDP Per Capita $8,500
Currency Dollar (XCD)
Largest Cities
  • Brades (1,000)
  • Plymouth (0)
  • (500BC) Arawak Indians settled in Montserrat

1400s - 1600s

  • (1400's) Arawak Indians driven out of Montserrat by a more aggressive group of Indians know as the Caribs
  • (1493) Christopher Columbus sighted the island, named it after a mountain in Spain
  • (1555) Spanish claimed the island
  • (1632) Thomas Warner brought English and Irish Catholics from St. Kitts to start an English colony on Montserrat
  • (1649) Oliver Cromwell transported Irish political prisoners to Montserrat
  • (1650) Sugarcane introduced to the island
  • (1664) French took possession of Montserrat; slavery introduced
  • (1668) Montserrat returned to Britain

1700s - 1800s

  • (1712) French sacked Montserrat
  • (1768) Failed slave rebellion occurred on St. Patrick's day
  • (1782) French recaptured Montserrat
  • (1783) In Treaty of Versailles, Montserrat returned to Britain
  • (1834) Slavery abolished in Montserrat
  • (1857) Joseph Sturge formed the Montserrat Company, introduced the cultivation of lime trees
  • (1871) Montserrat became part of the Leeward Islands Colony of Great Britain
  • (1956) Leeward Islands Federation abolished; Montserrat became a separate colony
  • (1958) Montserrat joined the West Indies Federation
  • (1960) Montserrat established as British colony
  • (1962) West Indies Federation abolished; Montserratians voted to remain a dependency of Great Britain
  • (1965) Pan American jet crashed into Chance's Peak
  • (1989) Hurricane Hugo devastated much of the island; police investigated offshore finance industry, led to several arrests; many banking licenses revoked
  • (1992) Most offshore banks closed after investigation into offshore finance industry
  • (1995) Chance's Peak volcano erupted for the first time in 350 years, thousands evacuated; government declared state of emergency; Britain granted millions of pounds in development aid
  • (1996) Montserratians granted residency by Britain, included right to work in the UK for up to two years
  • (1997) Soufriere Hills volcano erupted, 19 people killed and two-thirds of the island is uninhabitable; Montserrat airport closed, island accessible only by helicopter or boat; capital of Plymouth was abandoned
  • (1998) Britain announced that Montserratians could apply for permanent residency
  • (2000) Montserrat placed on international list of territories deemed uncooperative in the fight against money-laundering 

  • (2001) Soufriere Hills volcano eruption caused widespread damages
  • (2002) Montserratians granted British citizenship in British Overseas Territories Act; Monserrat removed from the international uncooperative list, promised to improve transparency
  • (2003) Chance's Peak volcano erupted, destroyed many buildings
  • (2004) US Department of Homeland Security revoked temporary protected status granted to US based Montserratians in 1995
  • (2005) Gerald's airport opened, replaced the W H Bramble airport destroyed in 1997 volcanic eruption
  • (2006) Lowell Lewis sworn in as head of a coalition government after election as no party gained enough seats to govern
  • (2009) Movement for Change and Prosperity won six of nine seats in parliamentary election, Reuben Meade became chief minister

Latest by WorldAtlas