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Bermuda's Information

Flag of Bermuda
Land Area 54 km2
Total Area 54km2
Population 70,537 (#202)
Population Density 1,306.24/km2
Government Type Parliamentary Democracy (Parliament); Self-governing Overseas Territory Of The UK
GDP (PPP) $5.20 Billion
GDP Per Capita $85,700
Currency Dollar (BMD)
More Information Bermuda

Bermuda History

Bermuda is a British overseas territory located in the North Atlantic Ocean. It consists of 138 islands that form a fishhook-shaped landmass, stretching some 22 miles in length and about a mile across. Bridges and causeways connect the eight largest islands.

Spanish navigator, Juan de Bermudez (for whom the islands are named), discovered the area in 1505 and claimed it for the Spanish Empire.

In 1609 Sir George Somers, of England, set sail aboard the Sea Venture. Caught in a storm, the Sea Venture began to founder. In order to keep from sinking, the ship was driven onto the reefs east of Bermuda. All 150 crewmembers and passengers survived and are credited with the settling of Bermuda.

In 1612, an additional 60 settlers were sent to Bermuda, led by Sir Richard Moore, the first governor. They founded and built the town of St. George.

Slavery and Industry

Early in the 17th century, slavery was introduced. Most of them were laborers and domestic workers. Many were treated brutally, resulting in revolts. Finally, in 1807, slave trade was outlawed and by 1834 all slaves were freed.

As the arable land was too small for a significant agricultural industry, the focus was on the maritime, with the islands' Bermuda cedar trees used for shipbuilding. In the 18th century many of the merchant vessels built in Bermuda were used for privateering, preying on shipments from Spain and France. During the American War of Independence, the Bermudians were aggressive in their attacks on American ships.

In 1815, the capital was moved from St. George's to the port city of Hamilton, in the center of the island. Since Britain had lost its ports in the American colonies, Bermuda became a stopover point between Canada and British possessions in the Caribbean.

By the end of the 19th century, exporting of vegetables to the United States, especially the Bermuda onion, became quite profitable and provided a steady income. As the U.S. began producing more of its own crops, the agricultural industry fell, but tourism took its place.

The Furness Steamship Company in England picked Bermuda as a stop for their new ships. Wealthy Americans visited Bermuda, especially during the Prohibition Era, as they could drink on the ships and in the hotels.

This page was last updated on July 10, 2020.

Bermuda Trivia

Which Country Does Bermuda Belong To?

Bermuda is a group of islands located in the North Atlantic Ocean, and it is a territory of the British government. Known for being among the best tourist destinations, Bermuda has also been subjected to wild conspiracy theories, some attempting to explain why planes got lost in the Bermuda Triangle.

Which Country Does Bermuda Belong To?

What are the Seven Wonders of Bermuda?

The Seven Wonders of Bermuda are Horseshoe Bay Beach, Gibb's Hill Lighthouse, Fort Hamilton, Snorkeling, the Unfinished Cathedral, Cooper's Island and the Crystal Caves.

The Seven Wonders of Bermuda

What are the Endemic Species of Bermuda?

Some of the endemic species of Bermuda include the Bermuda skink, the Bermuda petrel, and the Bermuda buckeye.

Endemic Species of Bermuda

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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