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Hong Kong

Hong Kong's Information

Flag of Hong Kong
Land Area 1,073 km2
Water Area 35 km2
Total Area 1,108km2
Population 7,167,403 (#100)
Population Density 6,679.78/km2
Government Type Presidential Limited Democracy; A Special Administrative Region Of The PRC
GDP (PPP) $427.00 Billion
GDP Per Capita $58,100
Currency Dollar (HKD)
Largest Cities

Hong Kong, one of the world's most popular tourist destinations, and a true economic powerhouse, was once just a small fishing village on the edge of the South China Sea.

Various dynasties laid claim to the region throughout the early centuries, turning Hong Kong into a successful trading center and military outpost.

Everything changed in the mid-19th century when the British arrived, turning this quiet, out-of-the-way village into a modern, vibrant and sparkling jewel of a city that still flourishes today.

Unfortunately, at the onset of World War II, the Japanese invaded Hong Kong, forcing the British to completely surrender.

Food shortages were widespread, and nearly a million citizens had perished by the time the United Kingdom regained control in 1945.

Hong Kong thrived following World War II, as industrialization rapidly increased, labour costs remained low, and the population grew.

No aspect of Hong Kong's economy was forgotten during the British colonial era, and many of the new changes brought forth shaped the future for Hong Kong.

In July of 1997, the British (via a long-standing agreement) officially returned control of Hong Kong to China, and it became a Special Administrative Region (or SAR) of China.

In the exchange, China agreed that until 2047, Hong Kong (as is), will enjoy a high degree of autonomy in all matters, except foreign and defense.

At the dawn of the new millennium a series of events faltered the once thriving nation. Not too enthusiastic with the change of hands, a number of citizens staged marches in different parts of Hong Kong.

In 2003, a severe SARS outbreak crippled the region, infecting thousands.

As with anything that has attempted to defeat this small region, Hong Kong bounced back, and today is one of the world's leading international financial centers as well as a booming tourist destination.

Notable attractions include Victoria Harbour and Victoria Peak, which offers expansive views of the city and its harbors.

This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.

Hong Kong Trivia

Is Hong Kong Owned by China?

Hong Kong is actually what is called a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of China. By all official accounts, Hong Kong is a part of China.

Is Hong Kong a Country?

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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