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Madagascar, an island in the Madagascar's first wave of settlers arrived along the southeastern coast, and practiced a form of "slash-and-burn" agriculture known as tavy to clear rainforests for crop cultivation.

These early settlers began to move inland around 600 AD, clearing the central Highlands and planting taro and rice. These people became known as the Vazimba, while the remaining inhabitants on the southwestern coast became known as the Vezo.

Madagascar's written history begins with the arrival of Omani Arabs and Shirazi Persians in the 7th century. Trading posts were established along the northwestern coast, and the influence of the Arab culture spread.

The island served as an important trading port during this time, and gave Africa a route to the Silk Road.

Europeans began arriving in the 16th century, with Indian cargo ships were robbed of their coins, gold, and silver.

About Madagascar

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This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.