The Dniester River is the second largest river in Ukraine as well as among the largest transboundary rivers in Eastern Europe. The river is 1,360 kilometers long and up to six meters deep. It also has a basin that covers an area of 72,100 square kilometers. The Dniester River is a major river in Galicia which is a historic region found in between the Baltic Sea and the Black Sea in Europe. Ancient Greeks referred to the Dniester River as Tyras which means “rapid.” The Dniester River forms part of Ukraine’s border with Moldova. One of the most interesting facts about Dniester River is that there exists a heart-shaped island between two banks of River Dniester. Dniester River begins at Mount Rozluch in the Carpathian Mountains and ends when it flows into the Black Sea. Alternatively, one can simply state that the river starts near Drohobych City which is close to Ukraine’s border with Poland and flows to the Black Sea.
Where Does the Dniester River Begin and End?
The Dniester River originates from the slopes of Mount Rozluch which is in the Middle Beskyd in the Carpathian Mountains that is near Vovche village. It is divided into upper, middle, and lower parts. The upper part starts from Mount Rozluch to Nyzhny village. It is a 296 kilometer stretch that flows towards the northwest and then shifts course heading to the northeast. This part of the Dniester River flows at a high speed of close to 4 meters per second sweeping along rocks. The upper Dniester River parts also include the Tlumach River which flows downstream for a distance of two kilometers into Zololota Lypa River. The river gets off the mountains at a point which is near Staryi Sambir. The middle part starts from Nyzhny village to Dubasari covering a distance of 715 kilometers. The lower part of Dniester River starts from the Dubasari Hydropower Dam to the river’s estuary covering a distance of about 351 kilometers. At the estuary known as Liman, the river flows into the Black Sea as it ends its journey from western Ukraine through the Carpathian Mountains to the Black Sea.
State of the Dniester River Today
Dniester River is a life-giving resource to almost 10 million inhabitants of both Moldova and Ukraine. The waters of the river are often used for fishing, irrigation, manufacturing, and consumption by urban centers in both countries. Common fish caught from the river include whitefish, carp, sturgeon, perch, pike, and beam which are for both local consumption and commercial purposes. Popular ports that exist within the Dniester River are Soroky, Bendery, Mohyliv-Podilskyi, and Tyraspil. The Dniester wetlands help in conserving the biodiversity within the river’s basin as well as provide water balance.
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