The Seine River is the second longest river in France, where it runs for a length of 483 miles throughout the northern region of this country. This river begins its course in the Langres Plateau, which is located in the northeastern area of France. Here, its headwaters begin in a small area of wooded land in the small town known as Source-Seine, which is situated about 19 miles to the northwest of Dijon. The source of the Seine River begins at an elevation of around 1,542 feet above sea level from a group of small, water-filled depressions in the land. At this location, the local residents have long paid tribute to Sequana, the deity of the river. In 1865, a statue was built in her likeness and placed within a grotto near the source of the river.
Course Of The Seine River
From the town of Source-Seine, the Seine River runs in a generally northwestern direction until it reaches the town of Montereau in the Department of Seine-et-Marne. During this part of its trajectory, the Seine River is known as the Small Seine. From Montereau, the Seine River flows into Paris, continuing its northwestern direction. This section of the river is referred to as the Upper Seine. The Upper Seine is fed by a number of waterways, including the Marne River, which makes it wider than the Small Seine section. It flows for approximately 8.7 miles through Paris and ranges from 98.4 feet to 656 feet in width. Here, the Seine River drains all of the waterways of the Paris Basin. This basin is considered one of the most important agricultural centers in France. From Paris, the Seine River runs toward the city of Rouen, maintaining its northwestern direction. This section of the river is known as the Lower Seine. The Seine River flows slightly southwest and makes 6 large curves before reaching the English Channel at the town of Le Havre, located on the coast. The mouth of this river is known as the Seine Estuary. This final stretch of the river, referred to as the Maritime Seine, is quite deep. In fact, its depth allows for ocean vessels to reach as far inland as the city of Rouen.
Major Features Of The Seine River
The Seine River is often considered the most important river in France and has served as a major channel for transportation and trade since ancient times. To increase its connectivity, several artificial channels have been constructed along its length, which connect this river to the Rhine River, the Rhone River, and the Loire River. This river has played such an important role in shaping the current society and environment of France, that some of the most important historical sites in this country have been built right along its edge. In fact, 6 sites along the banks of the Seine River have been designated as UNESCO World Heritage Sites, including: the Palace and Park of Versailles, the town of Le Havre, the town of Provins, the Left and Right Bank in Paris, the Palace of Fontainebleau, and the Chartres Cathedral.