A Brief History Of Nauru
The Micronesian island nation of Nauru is a part of Oceania. Nauru’s nearest neighbor is Kiribati, another Pacific island nation. Kiribati’s Banaba Island is located about 300 km to the east of Nauru. The latter country ranks third in the list of the world’s smallest countries with Vatican City and Monaco ranking above it. The country was famous for its rich phosphate reserves. However, indiscriminate mining left the country’s land barren and lifeless in many areas. As soon as the phosphate reserves started diminishing, Nauru’s economy suffered a major setback. After seeking aid from Australia, Nauru managed to recover.
Polynesians and Micronesians were the ancient inhabitants of Nauru. The evidence of their existence on the islands here dates back to at least 1000 BC. It was not until the latter half of the 19th century that Nauru came under the European rule. The Germans ruled over the island during this time and Nauru was one of the colonies of the German Empire. Later, Nauru came to be administered by the UK, Australia, and New Zealand. During this time, the island was one of the mandates of the League of Nations. Germany’s defeat in the World War I led to the transfer of the administration of this German colony to the UK, Australia, and New Zealand. The Japanese troops occupied the island during the World War II but were eradicated from the island after the defeat of Japan. Nauru now entered into UN trusteeship. Finally, decades later, Nauru became independent in 1968.
History Of The National Flag Of Nauru
The flag of the island nation was raised after the country’s independence in 1968. A local design competition was held to select a flag for the country. The winning flag was first adopted on the nation’s independence day, January 31, 1968.
Design Of Nauru’s National Flag
The flag of Nauru has a blue field. A narrow yellow-colored stripe runs across the center of the flag from the hoist-end to the fly-end. The large star is located below the stripe towards the hoist-side of the flag. The star is white in color and has twelve points.
What Do The Colors And Symbols Of Nauru’s National Flag Mean?
The blue color of the flag represents the Pacific Ocean. The narrow yellow stripe symbolizes the Equator. Nauru’s position to the south of the Equator is represented on the flag by the star positioned to the south of the yellow line. The star has 12 points with each point representing one of the 12 indigenous tribes of the island nation.
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