A Brief History of Slovenia
The Central European nation of Slovenia has historically been at the crossroads of several cultures. The area that is now part of Slovenia was occupied by various dynasties and empires like the Holy Roman Empire, Byzantine Empire, Austrian Empire, and others. It was only in the early 20th century that the Slovenes co-founded a state with the Croats and Serbs. In December 1918, this state merged with the Kingdom of Serbia. During the Second World War, the region was occupied by several foreign powers like Italy, Hungary, and Germany. Later, it became part of Yugoslavia. It was only after the collapse of the Soviet Union that an independent nation of Slovenia emerged in June 1991.
History of the Flag of Slovenia
The tricolor flag of white-blue-red was first used in 1848 by students led by Lovro Toman, a famous Slovene nationalist. The flag continued to be used throughout the century as the only symbol representing all Slovenes. Slight changes were made to the design of the flag during and after the World War. The modern-day flag that we see today was adopted only after the independence of Slovenia. A red star that had been placed in the tricolor to signify the Communist regime was removed. Instead of the star, the flag now featured the new Slovenian Coat of Arms designed by Marko Pogačnik. The flag was officially adopted on June 27, 1991.
Design of Slovenia’s National Flag
The flag of the country is a tricolor with three horizontal bands of white, blue, and red in order of their position from the top to bottom. The bands are of equal size. The Coat of Arms of Slovenia is also present on the flag. It is present between the yellow and the blue bands towards the flag’s hoist side. The width to length ratio of the flag is 1:2.
Meaning of the Colors and Symbols of the Flag
The colors of the flag of Slovenia are derived from the Duchy of Carniola’s coat of arms which featured a blue eagle on a white field and a crescent in red and gold. This coat of arms was in use during the medieval era. According to some sources, however, the colors of Slovenia’s flag are Pan-Slavic. The coat of arms in the flag is specific to the country. It is in the shape of a shield. It has a blue background. The highest peak in the country, Mount Triglav, is featured in white in the blue field. The local rivers and the Adriatic Sea are represented in the form of two wavy blue lines running below the white mountain. Above the mountain on the blue field are three stars present in the form of an inverted triangle. Each of the stars has six points. These stars have been derived from the Counts of Celje’s (a powerful dynasty that ruled in Slovenia in the 14th to 15th centuries) coat of arms.