Qatar is an independent nation in Western Asia that is located on the Qatar Peninsula that is a part of the Arabian Peninsula. The only land border of Qatar is with Saudi Arabia to the south. The Persian Gulf borders Qatar on the other sides. The state of Qatar was founded in the 19th century. After Ottoman rule in the region ended, Qatar became a British protectorate in the first half of the 20th century. In 1971, Qatar gained its independence from foreign rule. Today, the country has a high-income economy and the highest per capita income in the world.
History of the National Flag of Qatar
Historically, the flag of Qatar was plain red in color and based on the banner used by the region’s Kharijite Muslims. As per the directive by the British, a white stripe was added to the flag in the 19th century. Later, a white and purple-red flag was adopted. In 1932, the flag received several additions like diamonds, the word “Qatar” in Arabic, and the serrated edge. The maroon color was used in 1949. Later, the name of the country and the diamonds were removed from the flag. The flag that is used today was formally adopted on July 9, 1971.
Design of Qatar’s Flag
The flag of Qatar is in the ratio of 11:28. The flag has a white band on the hoist side whose fly-side edge has nine white triangles acting like a serrated line. The line separates the white bands from a wider maroon band on the fly side of the flag. Qatar’s flag is quite similar to the flag of neighboring Bahrain. However, Qatar’s flag is the only one with a width that is over twice the height.
Meaning of the Colors and Symbols of the Flag of Qatar
The nine triangles at the edge of the white band signify the inclusion of the country as the reconciled Emirates’ 9th member. This inclusion happened after the signing of the 1916 Qatari-British treaty.
The exact shade to be used in Qatar’s flag was defined to be Pantone 1955 C by the country’s government in 2015. The color is also more popularly known as 'Qatar maroon’. In 1949, maroon was adopted as one of the colors of Qatar’s flag. The choice of the color was more out of need than for symbolizing anything. The maroon was chosen instead of the red color to distinguish Qatar’s flag from the flag of Bahrain. Although the purple color was initially favored since Qatar is famed for its purple dye industry, this decision was soon revoked. The climate of the state led to the darkening of colors and hence, maroon was chosen instead of purple for use in the flag.