World Facts

What Do The Colors And Symbols Of The Flag Of Macedonia Mean?

The flag of Macedonia was adopted on 5 October 1995.

Macedonia is a country in southeast Europe on the Balkan Peninsula. Although human history in Macedonia dates back decares, the Kingdom of Macedonia was established here in the 4th century BC. For a long period in history, the region remained under the control of the Byzantine Empire. Macedonia was formerly a part of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.

Following the First World War, Macedonia became part of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. On April 8, 1993, the UN officially recognized Macedonia as an independent self-governing state.

The Flag Of Macedonia

Macedonia’s national flag was designed by Prof. Miroslav Grčev, an architect and graphic designer. It was formally adopted on October 5, 1995. When Macedonia was a part of Yugoslavia, the country’s flag had a red field with a star in the canton. The star was red with yellow borders.

For a brief time, the Macedonian flag depicted the Vergina Sun which was one of the symbols used in the grave sites of ancient Kings of Macedon. However, Greece strongly opposed the use of this flag as Greece considered the Vergina Sun to be a Greek symbol. Greece even imposed an economic blockade for a year to force Macedonia to change the design of its flag.

Finally, a new flag, the current version that we see today, was adopted in 1995 where the Vergina Sun was replaced with a stylized sun. This change in the flag’s design was not initially accepted by the conservative citizens of Macedonia. For some years, both the old and the new flags were used in the country. In some parts of the country, only the old flag was accepted. Today, the new flag is used throughout the nation.

Flag Design and Meaning

The national flag of Macedonia has a red field. A stylised yellow sun is featured in the center of the field. Eight broadening yellow rays extend out from the sun in all directions and end at the edges of the flag.

Red, one of the colors used in the flag, is one of the traditional colors of Slavic Macedonia. Red and yellow/gold is also part of the nation’s heritage. The stylized sun seen in the flag symbolizes the “new sun of Liberty” that is mentioned in the country’s national anthem and also in the Coat of Arms.

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