World Facts

What Do The Colors And Symbols Of The Flag Of Iraq Mean?

The present Iraqi flag is a tricolor with three horizontal bands of red, white, and black.

Iraq is a Western Asian nation with Baghdad as the capital city. Around 95% of the citizens of Iraq are Muslims. Arabic and Kurdish are the official languages of the country. The two rivers Euphrates and Tigris are the major rivers of the country and the region between them is historically known as Mesopotamia. Iraq has a rich history and culture. Mesopotamia is regarded as one of the world's cradles of civilization. Ancient organized and advanced civilizations developed in this region. Many powerful empires have ruled over Iraq for centuries. Following the fall of the Ottoman Empire which last ruled over Iraq, the country came under the rule of a British-backed monarchy. In 1932, Iraq’s Hashemite Kingdom gained independence from the UK. Later, in 1958, the monarchy was overthrown and the Iraqi Republic was established.

History Of The Flag Of Iraq

Modern Iraq’s first flag was adopted in 1921. It had three horizontal bands of black, white, and green and a red trapezoid extending from the mast side. Two white stars with seven points on the trapezoid represented the two major ethnic communities of Iraq, the Kurds and the Arabs. The flag was inspired by the Arab Revolt and represented the Hashemite dynasty of Iraq. Since then, the flag of the country evolved several times. The present flag of the country has been in use since 2008.

Design Of The National Flag Of Iraq

The present Iraqi flag is a tricolor with three horizontal bands of red, white, and black. The Takbir or Allahu akbar is written in green in the Kufic script in the center of the white band. The three colors used in the flag are the Pan-Arab colors that feature in many flags of the Arab world. In addition to three colors of red, white, and black, green is also a Pan-Arab color. The different colors represented distinct Arab dynasties or eras.

Major Subnational Flags Of Iraq

The Kurds of Iraq’s Kurdistan Region have their own flag used as a symbol of their desire for independence. It is, in fact, the official flag of the region. The emblem of the golden sun at the center of the flag is its most distinct feature. The sun disk has 21 rays symbolizing rebirth/renaissance in the Kurdish religion. The flag features three bands of red, white, and green with the sun located in the middle. Red signifies the martyrdom and the struggle for independence. The green color represents the region’s greenery and spectacular landscapes. It also symbolizes life. The white color is a symbol of equality and peace.

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