Iran is a sovereign nation located in Western Asia. The country encompasses an area of 1,648,195 square km and hosts a population of 81 million people. Iran has a rich history and culture and was the seat of one of the oldest civilizations in the world. Several dynasties conquered Iran and came to power at different time periods in its history. In the 7th century CE, the Arab Muslims came to power in the region and introduced Islam in Iran. The country was one of the major contributors to the Islamic Golden Age. In more recent times, Iran was declared as an Islamic republic following the 1979 Revolution.
Flags and banners have always played an important role in Iranian culture and politics. The flags representing Iran has also evolved greatly over time. The most popular symbol of the country prior to the Iranian Revolution was the Lion and Sun motif. It also featured in the imperial flag of the country. Based on astronomical and astrological configurations, the motif represented both ancient and modern traditions of the country. It first became popular in the 12th century. In the 19th century, the motif was combined with the tricolored bands of green, white, and red to form the Iranian flag. However, after the 1979 Revolution, the use of the Lion and Sun came to an end and it was replaced by the National Emblem.
The History Of The Flag Of Iran
The Iranian national flag was formally adopted on July 29, 1980. The new flag and seal of Iran was mentioned in the 1980 Constitution of the country. Accordingly, the Parliament replaced the old flag and seal with the new ones. The flag was designed by Hamid Nadimi and the leader of the Iranian Revolution, Grand Ayatollah Khomeini, approved it. The new flag symbolized the replacement of the 2,500 year old Persian monarchy with the Islamic Republic after the 1979 Iranian Revolution. The flag of the monarchy is today, however, used by a small number of Iranian exiles in other parts of the world. The old flag, an Iranian tricolor with the centrally located Lion and the sun is used by these people as a show protest against the current regime in Iran.
The Design Of The Flag Of Iran
Iran has a tricolor flag with three equally sized bands of three different colors, green, white, and red. The white band in the middle features the national emblem in red. The Arabic phrase Allāhu Akbar, known as the takbir, is also mentioned in the flag. It is repeated 11 times in the Kufic script on the inner edges of the red and green bands.
Meaning Of The Colors Of The Iranian Flag
Green in the flag of Iran is a symbol of happiness, unity, nature, growth, etc. White symbolizes freedom. Red signifies martyrdom, life, fire, love, courage, and more. The nation emblem featured in the center of the flag is composed of various Islamic elements.
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