What Color is Venus?

A dense carbon dioxide cloud gives Venus a reddish-brown appearance.

Venus is the second planet in the solar system. It is located between Mercury and Earth. The planet is named after the Greek goddess of love. Venus is considered earth’s sister planet because of the similarity between the two, in fact, contrary to what many think, Venus is closer to Earth than Mars. The two planets are almost similar in size with Venus being 5% smaller than Earth while Mars is 53% the size of Earth. Venus has the least elliptical orbit around the sun that ranges between 0.718 AU at its closest to 0.728 AU at the furthest point or 92,955,902 mi to 91,401,000 mi respectively. Venus is the hottest planet in the solar system although Mercury is closer to the sun. This is because a dense cloud of carbon dioxide covers Venus while the surface consists of sulfur dioxide. While it rains water on earth its rains sulphuric acid on Venus.

What Color Is Venus?

The earth is blue with white clouds when viewed from space because much of the planet's surface is covered by oceans. Photos provided by unmanned spacecraft flying over the planet show that Venus has a reddish-brown surface because of the dense carbon dioxide cloud. The exact color of the planet is unknown. Planetary scientists have tried to determine the color of the planet’s surface by using various wavelengths but all the wavelengths produced contrasting colors. Ultraviolet wavelengths determined the outer region of venus to be the reddish-brown we see today. When observed by the naked human eye, Venus seems to be yellowish white. The photos we see of Venus have been digitally enhanced for scientific studies.

Missions To Venus

To date, the Soviet Mission Venera 13 is the only mission that successfully landed on the surface of Venus. The mission involving two space crafts; Venera 13 and 14 were launched between October 30, 1981 and November 4, 1981. The mission lasted for about 112 minutes although it was expected to last for only 32 minutes. Despite being armed with technological equipment such as thermometers and cameras, the probe failed to capture colored photos of planet’s surface but relayed pictures of what looked like a stark reddish brown surface. The color agreed upon by planetary scientists is yellowish white with a dull reddish brown surface. This is likely to remain until the precise color of the planet is visually ascertained.


More in World Facts