What are the Golden Isles of Georgia?

The Sidney Lanier Bridge in the Golden Isles, Georgia.
The Sidney Lanier Bridge in the Golden Isles, Georgia.

The Golden Isles consists of four islands: St. Simons, Sea Island, Jekyll Island, Little St. Simons, and the port city of Brunswick. The isles are located along a 100-mile-long coastline in Georgia, United States.

The Golden Isles are a popular tourist destination due to their mild winters, natural beaches, vast marshlands, maritime forests, abundant wildlife, and historical landmarks. The four islands are found in Glynn County and make up the southern section of the eleven barrier islands of Georgia. St. Simons Island is the largest with a population of about 13,000. The privately-owned Little St. Simons has been maintained in its natural state except for a few cottages and guest lodge. Jekyll Island is a state park with a few residential areas, while Sea Island is home to Cloister resort and some highly-priced residential homes.


St. Simons is the largest of the islands, with a population of about 13,000. It is a popular destination for its nightlife, beaches, fishing and boating, historic landmarks, restaurants, and shopping. Housing on the island consists of condominiums and single-family homes.

Sea Island is located east of Saint Simons Island. It is a privately-owned residential community and resort. President George W Bush hosted the G8 summit on the island in 2004. Little Saint Simons is located to the east and north of Saint Simons Island. The island has been conserved in its natural state and consists of marshlands, natural beaches, and maritime forests. A single lodge initially built as a hunting cabin can accommodate a maximum of 32 people per night. Jekyll Island is a state park owned by the state of Georgia. It includes golf courses, a ten-mile beach, nature center, boat tours, lodgings, and a convention center.

The city of Brunswick is the main economic center of Georgia’s lower southeast. It has a population of about 13,300. The city was established during the colonial times. It played a vital role in the economic growth of the United States and was named by George Washington as one of the five critical ports of entry to the country. During the Second World War, the city was the site for the construction of Liberty ships.

 Geography and Climate

The Golden Isles of Georgia are located midway between Jacksonville and Savannah. They are the midpoint of the Georgia Bight, which stretches from Cape Canaveral in Florida to Cape Fear in North Carolina. The funnel effect creates large tidal swings ranging from 6 to 10 feet. The isles experience a humid subtropical climate with mild winters and hot summers.


Tourism is the primary economic activity of the isles with an annual output of about $1.1 billion. Resorts and restaurants are the largest employers, while the shrimping industry is of less economic importance but still attracts investors. The port of Brunswick supports the logistic industry, while the local airport provides a faster connection to the outside world. Manufacturing and Healthcare are also important economic drivers.


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