Scafell Pikes in the Southern Fells of Cumbria in northwest England is the highest point in the country. Although England is a largely flat nation, it is still home to a number of majestic mountains and hilly plains. Most of England’s highest peaks are situated in the Lake District and have contributed immensely towards making the region a top tourist destination in the country. The tallest mountains in England are include,
Scafell Pike has an elevation of 3,209 feet and is the highest mountain in England. At the foot of the mountain is the deepest lake in the country, Wastwater which is 258 feet deep. The mountain is also home to the highest standing water body in England, Broad Crag Tarn, at 2,700 feet above sea level. The mountain is enclosed in the Lake District National Park in Cumbria Scafell Pike and it is a popular with climbers and the numbers surge up during the National Three Peaks Challenge. The high numbers of tourists have caused some environmental effects on the mountain. Soil erosion and littering have been environmental concerns in the recent years.
Mount Helvellyn is located in the Lake District and is the second highest mountain in England at 3,117 feet. The mountain is located between Patterdale to the east and Thirlmere valley to the west. The mountain has an almost flat summit, which enabled the first ever successful landing of a British airplane on the top of a mountain in 1926. The western slopes of the mountain were used for mining of lead between 1839 and 1880, although the venture was not commercially viable. The mountain is a habitat for various species of mountain birds such as the Raven, skylarks, buzzards, and wheatears. Small population of plant species such as Alpine Meadowgrass and Downy Willow are found on the mountain. The mountain had long been a haven for shepherds to graze their animals, and this practice caused a great deal of overgrazing on the mountain slopes. The mountain has become a major destination for recreational activities, although expeditions to the mountain sometimes result in fatalities.
Skiddaw is the third highest mountain in England, rising to an elevation of 3,054 feet. The Mountain is the highest point north of Keswick, and it is surrounded by flat valleys that give the peak a majestic appearance. Skiddaw Mountain stands out from other mountains in the Lake District since it is made of marine deposits instead of volcanic deposits. The mountain is devoid of rocks and crags that characterize other mountains of similar height, and it is a relatively easy peak to climb. The mountains are very popular with tourists.
Great Gable lies in the Lake District and sits at an elevation of 2,949 feet. The mountain is one of the most famous in the country and is a favorite among tourists and mountaineers. The peak also attracts rock climbers from all over the World. The peak appears as a pyramid from Wasdale, and from other positions, the mountain takes the form of a dome.
Protecting England's Highland Habitats
The Lowland Breeding Wader Project, in partnership with Natural England and the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (RSPB), is collaborating with farmers around the Lake District to improve the habitats for the wading birds in the lower parts of the mountains and other areas in England's National Parks. The project had its origins in 2008 and covers an area of 70 hectares. Their primary focus is on Lapwing, Snipe, Curlew, and Redshank. Their approach is to create a habitat better habitat for these types of wader birds by creating wet scrapes and managing water levels and ditches. They also aim at adjusting the time for cutting meadows.