National Parks In Western Australia

John Forrest National Park, Australia.
John Forrest National Park, Australia.

Western Australia hosts 1224 separate Protected Areas covering an area of 65872.89 square miles, roughly 6.30% of the state. 100 of the protected areas are recognized as national parks, and they take up 2.14% of the region’s total area. John Forest National Park, which began operations in 1898, is the state’s oldest national park.

Ecoregions Of Western Australia

Western Australia takes the crown as the world’s second-largest country division. Its vast land mass is home to a variety of ecoregions and ecosystems. Listed as part of the deserts and xeric shrublands biome are the Western Australia mulga shrublands, Pilbara shrublands, Nullarbor Plain xeric shrublands, Great Victoria Desert, Great Sandy Desert, Tanami Desert, Gibson Desert, and the Carnarvon xeric shrublands ecoregions. Ecoregions listed under the Mediterranean forests, woodlands, and scrub biome are the Coolgardie woodlands, Esperance Mallee, Jarrah-Karri forest and shrublands, Kwongan heathlands, Southwest Australia savanna, and the Jarrah Forest. Other ecoregions in the areas are the Victoria Plains tropical savanna and Kimberly tropical savanna.

The Wild Flora And Fauna Of Western Australia

The region supports a variety of animals and plants in its diverse habitats. 141 of Australia’s mammal species live here including red kangaroos, echidnas, possums, brush-tailed bettong, quokka, numbat, mulgara, mouse, Chudtich, bilby, and the tammar wallaby. The region’s reptile species range from crocodiles, snakes, goannas, health monitors, pythons, and tortoises. The area’s vegetation contrasts between shrubs and woodlands and wildflowers and flowering plants. Bird species in Western Australia are estimated at 550 and include red-eared firetail, red-winged fairy-wren, lemon-bellied flycatcher, white-breasted robin, red-capped parrot, western wattlebird, black swan, and the Carnaby’s cockatoo.

Threats To The Wildlife Of Western Australia

The wildlife of the region is increasingly threatened by wild predators including foxes and cats. The area has undergone a facelift over the years, where the natural environment is being replaced by housing and recreational facilities. This development has had unintended consequences among them the invasion of weeds, increased bushfires which cause habitat destruction and a rise in animal road deaths. Climate change has also contributed to the rising incidences of fires. Clearing of land for agriculture has caused habitat loss for the animals and made them prone to other threats. Other identified threats include pollution from waste, chemicals, oil spills, and pesticides, extended drought, and flooding.

Establishment Of National Parks In Western Australia

Under the Ministry of Environment is the Department of Parks and Wildlife mandated to manage the state’s protected areas on behalf of the citizens of Western Australia. The department began operations on July 1, 2013, taking over from the Department of Environment and Conservation (DEC). The department undertakes its duties following the Conservation and Land Management Act 1984, which is the primary Legislation for the establishment of national parks in the state.

Significance Of National Parks In Western Australia

National Parks protect the region’s biodiversity and enable the efficient implementation of environmental policies. The parks shield flora and fauna from threats and also monitor certain factors to determine the effects they pose on ecosystems. The parks enable people to indulge in recreational activities such as sightseeing, hiking, and photography in a safe way which does not endanger either their lives or the wildlife and plants. National parks in Western Australia are an essential element of the region’s tourism.

National Parks In Western Australia

RankNational Parks Of Western AustraliaDate Of Establishment
1John Forrest National Park1898
2Stirling Range National Park1913
3Torndirrup National Park1918
4Leeuwin-Naturaliste National Park1957
5Walpole Wilderness Area1957
6Walpole-Nornalup National Park1957
7Yanchep National Park1957
8Greenmount National Park1959
9Scott National Park1959
10Kalbarri National Park1963
11Kalamunda National Park1964
12Cape Range National Park1965
13Neerabup National Park1965
14Cape Le Grand National Park1966
15Yalgorup National Park1966
16Geikie Gorge National Park1967
17Nambung National Park1968
18Cape Arid National Park1969
19Wolfe Creek Meteorite Crater National Park1969
20Karijini National Park1969
21Moore River National Park1969
22Watheroo National Park1969
23Sir James Mitchell National Park1969
24Alexander Morrison National Park1970
25Avon Valley National Park1970
26Frank Hann National Park1970
27Gooseberry Hill National Park1970
28Millstream-Chichester National Park1970
29Walyunga National Park1970
30Hassell National Park1971
31Porongurup National Park1971
32William Bay National Park1971
33Windjana Gorge National Park1971
34Drovers Cave National Park1972
35Badgingarra National Park1973
36Fitzgerald River National Park1973
37Drysdale River National Park1974-09-27
38Stokes National Park1976
39Beedelup National Park1977
40Boorabbin National Park1977
41Brockman National Park1977
42Karlamilyi National Park1977
43Warren National Park1977
44Collier Range National Park1978
45Goongarrie National Park1978
46Eucla National Park1979
47Peak Charles National Park1979
48D'Entrecasteaux National Park1980
49Hidden Valley National Park1982
50West Cape Howe National Park1985
51Purnululu National Park1987
52Tuart Forest National Park1987
53Mount Frankland National Park1988
54Shannon National Park1988
55Mount Augustus National Park1989
56Waychinicup National Park1990
57Lesueur National Park1992
58Tunnel Creek National Park1992
59Francois Peron National Park1993
60Gloucester National Park1993
61Kennedy Range National Park1993
62Beelu National Park1995
63Mitchell River National Park2000
64Gull Rock National Park2006

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