Lake Bled is large water body located in the Julian Alps of the Upper Carniolan area in northwestern Slovenia. Slovenia is a state in the southern central of Europe. Measuring its location, the lake is 34 miles from the capital city, Ljubljana. Lake Bled's natural scenery makes it one of the world’s most popular tourist destinations. Visitors can enjoy a boat ride across the lake to Bled Island and the neighboring forests. Lake Bled is found at a high altitude of about 1,524 meters above the sea level.
The origin of Lake Bled is linked to a glacial and tectonic formation. The lake is 6,960 feet long, 4,530 feet wide and has a depth of about 97 feet. It has a small island known as Bled Island and is surrounded by forests and mountains forming beautiful scenery. To the north shore of the lake is the Bled Castle which is positioned above the lake. On the western edge of the lake is a valley known as the Zaka Valley. The Bled Castle which is surrounded by the lake has a number of buildings erected with the most popular one being a pilgrimage church.
Lake Bled, just like other places with natural scenery, automatically attracts visitors who travel from various parts of the world. Besides the Bled Island experience with a traditional wooden boat ride and fishing activities, Lake Bled is also a health resort due to the mountain climate and pure nature. Closer to the lake is a deep narrow passage or gorge with rocks that are very steep on the edges. Tourists use wooden bridges to make their way down the gorge amidst pools and waterfalls. Lake Bled has a variety of accommodations ranging from hotels, campsites, and apartments for tourists visiting the area.
Lake Bled has a number of features that distinguishes it from other lakes. The lake is emerald green in appearance. In Slovenia, there is no other alpine lake with an island apart from Lake Bled. Being an alpine lake, it is surrounded by a variety of high altitude trees. The source of water for Lake Bled is mainly underground springs. The lake water is used for treating various illnesses through a procedure known as hydropathy. The lake has thermal springs found towards the northeastern section of the lake which make the lake warm at a temperature about 26°C.
Lake Bled is popular for swans and ducks which find the water suitable for swimming and hunting. The lake hosts over 18 species of fish as well as crayfish and shellfish. The fish in the lake often hide in deep waters to avoid the threats by the divers who frequent the lake. The lake is also rich in water plants such as lotus, algae and reeds. There is a castle that forms a tower on a cliff above the lake which gives a perfect view of the Island and the lake. There are several canyons that surround Bled Island. Archaeologists have also discovered some traces of prehistoric human settlements on the Island.
Climate change is one of the main threats facing Lake Bled. Climate change has increased the water temperature, thus affecting the area’s weather patterns which could change the ecosystem of the lake. Pollution of the lake has increased significantly, especially from the tourists who visit the area and the sporting activities carried out in the lake. Increased human population around Julian Alps has also put a strain on the natural resources including lake waters, leading to a reduction in the Lake Bled water volumes. Illegal lumbering in the Bled region is threatening the existence of Lake Bled’s water catchment.
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