Environment

The Worst Mudslides in History

Major mudslides can be caused by many different things such as earthquakes, floods and eruptions. Here are some of the major mudslides and the fatalities that were caused by them.

Mudslides are natural occurring disasters that brings about loss of life, destruction of property and widespread destruction. The major causes of mudslides are caused naturally by earthquakes, volcano eruption, flood, landslides, hurricanes etc. for a mudslides to be consider a natural disaster it must have caused loss of lives, property destruction and a profound environmental effect. Mudslides can be quite dangers as they can cause death of up to 4 million people as it has happened in china.

In the past few year mudslides and even natural occurring calamities has been a serious danger to humans, that is why organization such as environmental and social justice organization have stepped up to educate people and even help to try and overcome such environmental disasters.

The World Mudslides of All Time

1999 Vargas Tragedy

In December, 1999, in the highlands of Venezuela, excessive rainfall resulted in deadly mudslides which ravaged the country. The mudslides caused mass destruction, as thousands of people were living within its path, many of them in informal housing situations. Up to 30,000 people are estimated to have lost their lives; 10% of the state's population.

1985 Armero Tragedy

This mudslide was brought on by the eruption of the Nevado del Ruiz stratovolcano in Tolima, Colombia. 20,000 of the town of Armero's 29,000 inhabitants are estimated to have been killed in the slide. In addition to its tragedy, the event was controversial as many believe the government could have done more to protect citizens from harm.

2013 India Monsoons

In 2013, terrible floods in the northern India state of Uttarakhand caused mudslides, and the deaths of 6,000 people. The extremity of the event was particularly blamed on human-made factors, including the construction of tourism related infrastructure in an area where the soil is not fit for development.

What is the Difference Between a Landslide and a Mudslide?

Although the terms "landslide" and "mudslide" are often used interchangeably, they are not actually the same thing. The main difference is that a mudslide is associated with the loose falling of debris. Landslides occur when large rocks fall down on an incline. In addition, landslides occur when the landscape is disturbed, most often by events such as earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, or very extreme droughts. Mudslides are generally brought on by flooding, as they are charactized by water carrying debris through a defined area.

Famous Mudslides By Fatalities

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Rank´╗┐Mudslide NameLocationEstimated Fatalities
11999 Vargas TragedyVargas, Venezuela30,000
21985 Armero TragedyTolima, Colombia20,000
32013 India MonsoonsUttarakhand, India6,000
42010 Gansu MudslideZhouqu County, China1,471
52017 Sierra Leone MudslideFreetown, Sierra Leone1,000
62011 Morro do Dede MudslideNova Friburgo, Brazil555
71967 Caraguatatuba MudslideSao Paulo, Brazil437
82014 Afghanistan MudslideAab Bareek, Afghanistan350
92010 Uganda MudslideMount Elgon, Uganda350
101985 Mameyes Mudflow DisasterTibes, Puerto Rico300
112015 Guatemala MudslideSanta Catarina Pinula, Guatemala280
122017 Colombia MudslidePutumayo, Colombia250
132010 Rio de Janeiro Floods and MudslidesRio de Janeiro, Brazil249
142010 India MudslidesLeh, India200
152017 Philippines MudslidesMindanao, Philippines200

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