The Philippines is an island nation located in South East Asia. It is the second largest archipelago on earth, comprised of over 7,000 islands. As of 2015, the population in the Philippines was an estimated at 102.2 million. The nation also ranks among the fastest growing countries in terms of population, with an annual growth rate of nearly 2%. Here are the largest cities in the Philippines according to the latest official census.
Quezon City - 2,936,116
Quezon City is the biggest city in the Philippines by population. Confusingly, Quezon City does not actually have anything to do with Quezon province. The city is located in the Guadalupe Plateau. Quezon City experiences a tropical climate and is prone to heavy rains and even monsoons. The city has experienced a high degree of population growth over years, to the point where it has surpasses Manila to become the country's most populated city. Population growth is expected to continue.
Manila - 1,780,148
Manila is one of the most densely populated cities in the world. The city is the capital city of the Philippines, and it is the economic, administrative, and social center of the nation. In contrast to other Asian countries, economic growth in the Philippines has been mainly concentrated on a single urban center. Manila generates nearly half the country’s total Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Approximately 94% of the population in Manila is Malay-Indonesian by ethnicity with some European, Spanish, Chinese or American ancestry. The rest of the population is Chinese. The Tagalog language is widely spoken in the city while English is the official business and educational language. The residents are employed in the city’s industries, such as textiles, food and tobacco processing, chemical manufacturing and coconut oil processing. Manila is also a vital seaport in the country. The Metropolitan is made up of 17 municipalities, which range from elegant business districts and affluent neighborhoods to slums and shanty towns. The economic growth in Manila has brought with it challenges such as overpopulation, drug use and crime, pollution, and traffic congestion. Overcrowding in the city has caused other problems such as inadequate health care, inadequate sanitation and a rise in poverty. The municipal agencies in Manila struggle to offer public services to the ever growing population.
Caloocan - 1,583,978
The name Caloocan comes from the Tagalog word meaning "innermost area". True to its name, the city of Caloocan is bordered by a number of large cities, including Manila and Quezon City. Today it is one of the largest cities in the Philippines with a population of 1,583,978.
Davao City - 1,632,991
Davao City had a population of 1,632,991 in 2015. The city is a trade, educational, and tourism center of the Davao region. The city is divided into 11 districts for effective and efficient administration. The city has been subject to an influx of rural immigrants. The ethnicity of Davao’s population is diverse. Cebuanos and indigenous Davaoenos are the majority groups, while Illongos, Aeta, and Lumad form the minority ethnicities. Most of the residents are employed in the agricultural sector, because the Davao region is a major producer of bananas, coffee, coconut, and pineapple in Asia. Cacao production has been a growing trend in the region as well. Davao City has been confronted with the issue of sprawling informal settlements in the neighborhood. Traffic congestion and pollution continue to affect the livability situation of the city.
Cebu - 922,611
The city of Cebu registered a population of 2,849,213 as of 2015 statistics. Cebu has been an attractive destination for rural to urban migration due to a boom in investments and tourism. Cebu’s economy has been rapidly increasing, driven mainly by the industry and service sector. A surge in tourism has fueled construction of mega projects such as hotels, resorts, and malls which create employment opportunities for residents.
The Cebuano language is the predominant language in the city, followed by Tagalog and Hiligaynon. There are numerous churches across the city, with the dominant one being Roman Catholic while most of the rest are Protestant congregations. The city has not been immune to problems associated with rapid urban growth. The city has been subject to flooding due to poor drainage. Traffic congestion has been blamed on poor enforcement of traffic laws and regulation. Pollution and proliferation of slums have also been witnessed in the city.
What are the Biggest Cities in the Philippines?
Quezon City is the largest city in the Philippines with a total population of 2.9 million people. The second largest city is the capital of Manila, which has a population of 1.7 million.
Biggest Cities In The Philippines
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About the Author
Benjamin Elisha Sawe holds a Bachelor of Arts in Economics and Statistics and an MBA in Strategic Management. He is a frequent World Atlas contributor.
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