West Virginia

West Virginia Geography



The majority of West Virginia is heavily forested land, dominated by the Appalachian Mountain System that covers nearly two-thirds of the state.

The state's most significant range (the Allegheny Mountains), extend from the southern part of the state on into Maryland, Pennsylvania and Virginia.

The highest peaks in West Virginia are located within the Allegheny range, and many rise to 4,000 ft, or more. The highest point is Spruce Knob at 4,861 ft.

The Allegheny Plateau covers the western third of West Virginia, stretching on into Ohio and Pennsylvania. Elevations across the plateau vary greatly, but three hundred feet above sea level is a good average.

Hot water mineral springs are found throughout this mountainous state; White Sulfur Springs is the most famous. The Allegheny mountains of eastern West Virginia are also laced with miles of limestone caves; Organ Cave is the largest.

The state's most significant river is the Ohio, as it forms (with it's tributaries) the state's western border.

Other rivers of note include the Potomac and its North and South branches, Big Sandy and Tug Fork, Cacapon, Cheat, Greenbrier, Kanawha, Little Kanawha and New River.

A closer look at the topo of West Virginia is on this topographic map

West Virginia Photographs

matewan, west virginia

Matewan, West Virginia

West Virginia Cities, Counties & Area Codes

City County Area Code
Philippi Barbour 304
Martinsburg Berkeley 304
Danville Boone 304
Sutton Braxton 304
Wellsburg Brooke 304
Huntington Cabell 304
Grantsville Calhoun 304
Duck Clay 304
West Union Doddridge 304
Oak Hill Fayette 304
Glenville Gilmer 304
Petersburg Grant 304
Lewisburg Greenbrier 304
Romney Hampshire 304
Weirton Hancock 304
Moorefield Hardy 304
Clarksburg Harrison 304
Ripley Jackson 304
Charles Town Jefferson 304
Charleston Kanawha 304
Weston Lewis 304
Branchland Lincoln 304
Chapmanville Logan 304
Fairmont Marion 304
Moundsville Marshall 304
Point Pleasant Mason 304
Welch McDowell 304
Princeton Mercer 304
Keyser Mineral 304
Williamson Mingo 304
Morgantown Monongalia 304
Peterstown Monroe 304
Berkeley Springs Morgan 304
Summersville Nicholas 304
Wheeling Ohio 304
Franklin Pendleton 304
Saint Marys Pleasants 304
Marlinton Pocahontas 304
Bruceton Mills Preston 304
Hurricane Putnam 304
Beckley Raleigh 304
Elkins Randolph 304
Pennsboro Ritchie 304
Spencer Roane 304
Hinton Summers 304
Grafton Taylor 304
Parsons Tucker 304
Sistersville Tyler 304
Buckhannon Upshur 304
Huntington Wayne 304
Webster Springs Webster 304
New Martinsville Wetzel 304
Elizabeth Wirt 304
Parkersburg Wood 304
Oceana Wyoming 304