United Kingdom

United Kingdom Timeline

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  • (5000 - 2000 BC) Stone Age settlers arrived, crossing the English Channel, farming introduced
  • (2200 BC) The Bleaker People constructed ring of stones at Stonehenge
  • (600 - 50 BC) Celtic peoples established their culture throughout the British Isles; Druids populated Wales
  • (55 BC) Julius Caesar attempted invasion of Britain, forced to withdraw
  • (54 BC) Second invasion attempt by Julius Caesar; captured St. Albans
0 - 200s AD
  • (43 AD) Roman Emperor Claudius and 40,000 troops invaded, Britannia became a Roman province
  • (61 AD) Queen Boadicea organized rebellion against Romans, was defeated
  • (78 AD) Romans conquered much of Wales
  • (120 AD) Emperor Hadrian ordered wall to be built to mark Roman territory of Britain in north
  • (139 AD) Romans invaded southern Scotland, built Wall of Antonine to mark frontier
  • (206 AD) Caledonians from northern Scotland attacked Hadrian's Wall
  • (211 AD) Britain divided into two parts - Britannia Superior and Britannia Inferior
  • (254 AD) St. Alban beheaded, became first Britain Christian martyr
  • (290 AD) Carausius rebelled against Roman Empire, took control of Britain and North Gaul
  • (296 AD) Emperor Caesar Constantius Chlorus invaded Britain, recovered it for the Roman Empire
300s - 400s
  • (306) Constantine declared Emperor of Rome
  • (360 - 369) Saxons from Northern Germany attacked Roman-occupied Britain; Scot invaders attacked northern Britain; Romans retained control
  • (382) Magnus Maximum and army defeated the Scots
  • (410) Roman troops withdrew from Britannia; Roman occupation officially over
  • (440 - 450) Assorted tribes including the Picts, Saxons, Angles and Jutes invaded unprotected Britain
  • (477) Saxon chief, Ella, captured fortress at Anderida; proclaimed himself king of Sussex
500s - 600s
  • (525) AD (date) system introduced; Saxons attacked between London and St. Albans; formed Kingdom of Essex
  • (556) Saxons set up seven kingdoms in Britain
  • (563) Saint Columba founded monastery in Scotland
  • (574) Northern Ireland settlers colonized Argyll, Scotland
  • (597) Saint Augustine sent to Britain to convert English to Christianity
  • (613) Anglo-Saxons conquered all of Britain; land divided into 30 kingdoms
  • (617) Edwin, King of Northumbria, conquered England
  • (617 - 685) Northumbrian kingdom reigned supreme
  • (620) Ireland invaded by Norsemen
  • (663) Plague outbreak across British Isles
  • (668) English Church established
700s - 800s
  • (730 - 821) Mercia kingdom reigned
  • (741) York burned
  • (779) Offa's Dyke (huge earthworks) completed from River Dee to River Wye
  • (793) First Viking raid on Britain at Lindisfarne
  • (802 - 839) Kingdom of Wessex gained control of most of England
  • (836) Northmen and West Welsh defeated in battle at Hengists Down near Plymouth
  • (855) First Viking settlement established on Isle of Sheppey
  • (866) Vikings, the "Great Army", invaded England
  • (867) Northumbria captured by Vikings
  • (870) Vikings sacked York; captured Nottingham
  • (872) Vikings defeated Wessex army at Wilton; conquered Mercia
  • (897) King Alfred built first English fleet
900s - 1000s
  • (926) Eastern England recaptured by Saxons
  • (955) Northumbrian Danes defeated
  • (957) After revolt, Edgar named King
  • (980) Vikings again invaded England
  • (994) Danes and Norwegians attacked London
  • (1002) St. Brice's Day Massacre - King Ethelred ordered all Danes in England be killed
  • (1012) Danes captured Canterbury
  • (1013) Danes captured all of England, King of Danes, Sweyn, made King of England
  • (1016) Danish King Canute became King of England
  • (1035) King Canute died; England divided between three sons, Sweyn - Norway, Hardicanute - Denmark and South England, Harold Harefoot - North England
  • (1042) Edward the Confessor became King
  • (1066) Battle of Hastings occurred; William I crowned King of England
  • (1086) Domesday Book (survey of England) finished
  • (1087) King William I died; son, William II King
  • (1096) The Crusades began (lasted 150 years)
1100s - 1200s
  • (1100) King William II killed; brother Henry I King
  • (1106) King Henry I conquered Normandy
  • (1154) Henry II crowned King, first in Plantagenet line
  • (1170) Thomas Becket (Archbishop of Canterbury) murdered after quarrel with Henry II
  • (1189) King Henry II ousted; Richard the Lionheart (Richard I) crowned King
  • (1199) King Richard I died in battle; John new King
  • (1204) Philip II of France seized Normandy
  • (1215) Magna Carta (the Great Charter) completed
  • (1224) France declared war on England
  • (1259) Treaty of Paris signed; war with France ended
  • (1272) Henry III died; Edward I crowned King
  • (1282 - 1283) Edward I conquered Wales
  • (1284) Wales annexed to England
  • (1290) King Edward I expelled Jews from England
  • (1296) Edward I invaded Scotland; Scotland became dependency of England
  • (1297) William Wallace of Scotland, defeated English at Stirling Bridge
  • (1298) Edward I invaded Scotland; defeated Scots
  • (1307) King Edward I died; Edward II succeeded to throne; withdrew from Scotland
  • (1314) English defeated at Battle at Bannockburn
  • (1318) Scottish forces invaded North England
  • (1320) Declaration of Arbroath signed by earls and barons of Scotland, rejected English rule
  • (1327) Edward II abdicated throne; Edward III King
  • (1328) Edward III made peace with Scotland; treaty of Edinburgh signed
  • (1331) David II (age seven) crowned King of Scotland
  • (1337) Hundred Years' War with France began
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United Kingdom Photographs

vikingswilliam wallacebannockburnWar of the RosesMary queen of scotsShakespearGreat London FireBoer WarWorld War IWinston ChurchillThe BeatlesTim Berners-LeePrincess Diana

Photos used are from public domain sources and from en.wikipedia.org

United Kingdom countries, provinces & their capitals

Region Capital Quick Reference
England London England
Northern Ireland Belfast Northern Ireland
Scotland Edinburgh Scotland
Wales Cardiff Wales

Most popular Cities in United Kingdom

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