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China History Timeline

1600 BC - 220 AD

  • (1600 - 1050BC) First Chinese state, the Shang Dynasty, united most of north central China
  • (1600BC) Shang Dynasty mastered bronze production
  • (1045 - 770BC) Shang Dynasty replaced by Zhou Dynasty
  • (770BC) Zhou state collapsed, became loose association of warring states known as Eastern Zhou
  • (222BC) Kingdom fell to Ch'in; royal family slaughtered
  • (221 - 206BC) Qin Shi Huangdi unified China, became first emperor
  • (220BC) Construction of Great Wall of China began
  • (214BC) Lingqu Canal engineered by Shi Lu
  • (210BC) Terracotta Army, featuring over 8,000 terracotta statues, was buried
  • (206BC - 220AD) Han Dynasty era, governed all of China, brought in the "golden age", grew economy, promoted Confucianism as the state philosophy
220 - 1650
  • (220 - 589) After fall of Han Dynasty, competing dynasties divided China, development began in southern China
  • (618 - 907) Tang Dynasty reunited China
  • (960 - 1279) Chinese classical culture flourished during Song Dynasty, Neo-Confucianism adopted as official state ideology
  • (1271 - 1368) Mongols conquered China, established Yuan Dynasty, founded by Kublai Khan, Beijing became capital
  • (1368) Ming Dynasty overthrew Mongols, established agricultural economy, strengthened military, created central bureaucracy
  • (1368) Great Wall completed
  • (1644) Manchu Qing Dynasty drove Ming out. Chinese empire annexed Tibet, Mongolia, Xinjiang
1700 - 1800
  • (1711) British East Indian Company established trading post at Guangzhou
  • (1839 - 1842) First Opium War fought between United Kingdom and Qing Dynasty over diplomatic relations, trade, administration of justice
  • (1842) Treaty of Nanking ended First Opium War
  • (1850 - 1864) Taiping Rebellion - Civil war led by Christian, Hong Ziuquan, against Qing Dynasty. About 20 million died
  • (1855) Third Pandemic of Bubonic plague killed more than 12 million people in India and China
  • (1856 - 1860) Second Opium War with British and French against Qing Dynasty
  • (1887) Huang Ho River flooded, killed about 900,000
1900
  • (1900) Boxer Rebellion against foreigners and Chinese Christians erupted, led by Chinese secret society, "The Righteous, Harmonious Fists", and aided by Empress Dowager Ci Xi
  • (1900) Empress Douairisre ordered the Boxers to kill all foreigners
  • (1900) United States announced it would send troops to fight against Boxer Rebellion
  • (1900) European Allies recaptured Tientsin from Boxers
  • (1900) International forces from eight nations entered Beijing to stop Boxer Rebellion
1900s continued
  • (1901) Boxer Rebellion leaders, Chi-Hsin and Hsu-Cheng-Yu, were publicly executed
  • (1901) Peace of Peking ended Boxer Rebellion
  • (1908) Zxuan Tong, age 2.5 years, ascended the throne, became China's last Emperor
  • (1910) Slavery was abolished
  • (1910) Plague struck An-Hul province, 2.5 million victims
  • (1911) England and China signed treaty making opium main trading commodity
  • (1911) Qing Dynasty overthrown, Sun Yat-sen elected first president of Republic of China
  • (1911) Yangtze River overflowed, 100,000 people killed
  • (1912) China adopted Gregorian calendar
  • (1912) Yuan Shih-kai became president
  • (1913) Kuomintang Party leader, Sun Yet San, called for revolt against President Yuan Shikai
  • (1917) China declared war on Germany and Austria during World War I
  • (1920) Earthquake in Gansu and Shanxi provinces caused landslides, killed between 100,000 to 200,000
  • (1925) Sun Yat-sen died
  • (1926) Chiang Kai-shek appointed to national-revolutionary supreme commander, broke with Communists, confirmed Kuomintang as a nationalist party
  • (1931) Huang He River flooded more than 40,000 square miles, killed more than one million people
  • (1931) Japanese invaded Manchuria
  • (1932) Japanese attacked Shanghai, declared martial law
  • (1934 - 1935) During Communist party's "Long March" to Shaanxi Province, Mao Zedong emerged as new leader
  • (1936) Chiang Kai-shek declared war on Japan
  • (1941) U. S. government froze Japanese and Chinese assets
  • (1943) Britain and the U. S. signed treaties with China, relinquished extraterritorial rights
  • (1943) Chiang Kai-shek became president of China
  • (1945) Soviet Union declared war against Japan, launched surprise attack against Japanese forces in northern China and Korea


About China

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China provinces, municipalities, autonomous regions & their capitals

Region Capital
Anhui Hefei
Beijing Beijing
Chongqing Chongqing
Fujian Fuzhou
Gansu Lanzhou
Guangdong Guangzhou
Guangxi Nanning
Guizhou Guiyang
Hainan Haikou
Hebei Shijiazhuang
Heilongjiang Harbin
Henan Zhengzhou
Hubei Wuhan
Hunan Changsha
Inner Mongolia Hohhot
Jiangsu Nanjing
Jiangxi Nanchang
Jilin Changchun
Liaoning Shenyang
Ningxia Yinchuan
Qinghai Xining
Shaanxi Xi'an
Shandong Jinan
Shanghai Shanghai
Shanxi Taiyuan
Sichuan Chengdu
Tianjin Tianjin
Xinjiang Urumqi
Xizang (Tibet Autonomous Region) Lhasa
Yunnan Kunming
Zhejiang Hangzhou

Countries of Asia