Burma: Since 1989 the military authorities in Burma have promoted the name Myanmar as a conventional name for their state. This decision was not (and is not) approved by any sitting legislature in Burma, and is not accepted by the U.S. and a few other governments. However, the name Myanmar is widely accepted by the majority of countries, and by the United Nations.
European Russia: The Russian landmass west of the Ural Mountain is commonly referred to as European Russia in most modern atlases, and by the vast majority of geography experts.
It is not a separate country, but rather called that because of its political, cultural and geographical blending with Europe.
For reference purposes it is shown above to the west of the dashed-line, however, the entire country (as a whole) is still considered part of the continent of Asia.
Middle East: Countries considered part of the Middle East are shown in a lighter shade of green, and their names are indicated in red. They are all still part of the continent of Asia.
Turkey: is officially, politically and geographically considered part of both the Asian and European continents. The northwestern portion of Turkey (colored beige) is a recognized part of Europe, while the green shaded portion of the country (the largest part) is part of Asia and the Middle East.