The Black Sea is the Atlantic Ocean’s marginal sea, and it is fed by some rivers which include the Southern Bug, Danube, Dniester, Dnieper, Rioni, and Don Rivers. About a third of Europe’s rivers drain their water into the Black Sea, and the Black Sea supplies the Mediterranean Sea. The sea is located between Western Asia, the Caucasus, and Eastern Europe. The Sea has an area of 168,500 square miles excluding the Sea of Azov, a length of 730 miles, and a depth of 7,257 feet. The sea is surrounded by the Crimean Mountains, Caucasus Mountains, and Pontic Mountains, and it is home to a variety of marine life and has several islands belonging to Ukraine, Romania, Bulgaria, and Turkey. Six countries border the Black Sea, and though it is internationally known as the Black Sea, the countries surrounding it have also given it local names.
Countries That Border The Black Sea
Ukraine is a self-governing state located in the Eastern part of Europe, and it borders the Black Sea to the North. Ukraine ranks second in size among the countries in Europe and has the capital as Kiev. The Black sea is Ukraine’s only natural boundary. The country’s largest ports on the Black Sea are at Sevastopol and Odessa. Ukraine has a total land area of 233,063 square miles and a coastline of 1,729 miles. The country has a diverse landscape comprising of highlands and lowlands. In the west of the country, there is the Carpathian Mountains, and the other only mountains in the country can be found in the Crimean Peninsula. Ukraine is highly fertile and is considered one of the world’s breadbaskets. There are islands located in the Black Sea that belong to Ukraine, and they include Dzharylgach Island and Zmiinyi Island. The cities of Odessa has two ports and is a tourist and transport hub while Sevastopol is the largest city located in the Crimean Peninsula and it has one of Ukraine’s ports on the Black Sea.
Russia borders the Black Sea to the Northeast. The Russian Black Sea coast can be found on the Crimean peninsula, in the Krasnodar region. The length of the coast is about 248.55 miles. The region around the coast experiences subtropical and Mediterranean climates, and the climate is influenced by the Caucasus Mountains which are close. Some of the cities around the coastline include Sochi, Anapa, Gelendzhik, Tuapse, and Novorossiysk. Sochi is a famous resort city in the country, and its coastline with the Black Sea spans around 62.14 miles. Anapa sits on the Northwest side of the Russian-Black Sea coast. Gelendzhik is a popular summer destination for tourists.
Bulgaria borders the Black Sea to the Southwest. The Bulgarian-Black Sea coast stretches through the whole Eastern side of Bulgaria, from Romania to Turkey. The stretch is 240.47 miles long with beaches occupying about 80.78 miles of the coast. The coast is a popular tourist destination, especially during summer and was once named the Red Riviera. The region experiences a humid subtropical climate, and the coastline is divided into a Northern and Southern side by the Balkan Mountains. The Southernmost section of the coastline is part of the Strandzha Nature Park. The major cities along the coastline include Burgas in the southern region and Varna in the north. Air can access the coast through the Varna and Burgas airports. Islands located in the Black Sea that belong to Bulgaria include St Thomas Island, St. Cyricus Island, St. Peter Island, St. Anastasia Island, and St. Ivan Island.
Romania borders the Black Sea to the East, and the country has a land area of 92,064 square miles. The country’s population was estimated at 19.6 million in 2017. The name Romania is derived from the Latin word Romanus, which translates to a citizen of Rome. Romania has one of the biggest forests in Europe, which covers about 27% of the country. The Carpathian Mountains cover the middle of the country, and semi-natural and natural ecosystems cover about 47% of the country's land area. Islands located in the Black Sea that belong to Romania include Sacalinu Mic Island, Sacalinu Mare Island, and Novaya Zemlya. Constanta is the Romanian city located on the Romanian-Black Sea coast and the oldest city in the country. The port of Constanta is the biggest port located on the Black Sea and one of the biggest in the European continent with an area of 15.16 square miles.
Georgia is situated in the Caucasus region, and it borders the Black Sea to the southeast. The country has an area of 26,911 square miles, and its capital is Tbilisi. The country is mainly mountainous, and it is divided into two halves by the Likhi Range. The Western side of the country was known as Colchis, while the eastern side was known as Iberia. Batumi city, the country’s second-biggest city, is located along the Black Sea coast and it is a major tourist destination during summer, famed for being a gambling spot.
Turkey straddles the continents of Asia and Europe, and it borders the Black Sea to the South. The bigger portion of the country is in Asia, while 3% of the country’s land area is located in Europe. The country has a total area of 780,000 square miles, and the population was estimated at 82 million in 2017. The country’s landscape is highly mountainous, and the country is subject to recurrent earthquakes. The country is self-sufficient, and nearly half of the workforce takes part in farming. The Turkish-Black Sea coast is a summer tourist destination with several resorts located on the coast. The main port at the coast is Istanbul. The cities of Trabzon and Samsun are also located along the coast.
Tourism to the Black SeaThe Black Sea coast is a famous tourist destination among all the six countries bordering the sea. The sandy beaches and friendly weather at the coast, especially during summer, attracts both local and international tourists. Some hotels, resorts, and seaports line the coastline in all the six countries.
Which Countries Have a Coastline on the Black Sea?
The following countries border the Black Sea: Ukraine, Russia, Bulgaria, Romania, Georgia, and Turkey.
About the Author
Benjamin Elisha Sawe holds a Bachelor of Arts in Economics and Statistics and an MBA in Strategic Management. He is a frequent World Atlas contributor.
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