The Chernobyl disaster was the worst nuclear and radiation disaster of all time. The disaster occurred on April 25, 1986 to April 26, 1986 in a nuclear power station located in Pripyat, Ukraine, which was at the time a part of the Soviet Union.
The Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant had four reactors, each one capable of producing up to a thousand megawatts of electricity. On the April 25th, 1986, a power reduction had been planned for the reactors. However, it was during this time that the general power station went offline without warning. While gathering power again, the fourth reactor at Chernobyl increased in power exponentially, which caused it to explode, blasting approximately 50 tons of radioactive material into the air.
37 people directly died from the explosion. It is, however, difficult to determine an exact casualty toll from Chernobyl as many deaths occurred as a result of radioactive contamination.
The disaster led to the release of about 5% of the radioactive material that is present in the core into the atmosphere that led to the resettlement of the residents of Chernobyl. Radioactivity could be detected all over the European continent, with the majority landing in Belarus. The radioactivity caused the relocation of nearly half a million people from their homes.
Pripyat is now an abandoned town that is about 104 kilometers to the north of Kiev, the capital city of Ukraine. The nuclear reactor is currently covered in a large barrier made from concrete and steel in order to prevent leakage. Despite lingering radiation, it is possible for tourists today to visit the ghost town of Pripyat, as there are several companies who conduct tours.