Honduras adopted its national flag in March 1866. However, the flag underwent some modifications in 1898 when five blue stars were added, and has remained unchanged ever since. The design of the flag was inspired by the flag of the Federal Republic of Central America, of which Honduras was a member.
The national flag of Honduras is designed with length-width proportions of 2:1. The flag features a tri-band which runs horizontally. The top and bottom bands are blue and sandwich a white-colored band. The three bands are of equal width. On the middle white band are five stars, arranged to form an “X” pattern. The stars are five-pointed and are all blue. The design is different in the nations’ civil ensign, which retains the proportions and tri-band but also features the country’s coat of arms which is centered on the white band. The five stars are differently organized on the civil ensign, as they form an arc below the coat of arms.
The two blue bands stand for the two oceans (The Pacific and the Caribbean Sea) that surround the country. The blue color also represents the bonds of brotherhood or the blue skies seen over the country. The middle white band represents Honduras’ land area that sits between two oceans. White is also said to stand for the virtues of purity, peace, and prosperity among the inhabitants. The five stars stand for the five countries that made up the now-defunct Federal Republic of Central America. The representation of these countries shows the optimism in Honduras on the revival of the Federal Republic of Central America.
Coat Of Arms
The Coat of Arms closely resembles that which neighboring Guatemala had in 1843. The coat of arms features a white oval encapsulating a volcano, a triangle, two towers which are linked by a rainbow, and the sun. The rainbow and sun inside the triangle resemble the Masonic Eye. On the white oval is the inscription “Republica De Honduras Libre, Soberana E Independiente 15 De Septiembre 1821” which translates to “Republic of Honduras, Free, Sovereign, Independent September 15th, 1821”. The compartment features limestone cliffs that stand between six deciduous trees, three oak trees, and three pine trees. Two mines appear to go through the left side of the mountain range. There are different tools on the bottom of the white circle; a sledgehammer, a wedge, a hammer, and a drill. The crest features a quiver of differently colored arrows set on “the horns of plenty” which have two bunches of flowers on their edges.
SymbolismThe triangle represents freedom and equality in the country. The two towers are said to represent the preparedness of the country to defend itself, and also stand for the independence of the country. The quiver of arrows is in honor of the native inhabitants of Honduras. The mines and mining tools on the compartment represent the mining industry in the country, and the six deciduous trees are incorporated, symbolize the abundance of natural wealth in Honduras. The inscription on the white oval indicates the date when the country gained independence.