The Red Sea is a seawater inlet that lies between Northeast Africa and Southwest Asia. The connection to the corals, and diverse marine life.
4. Historical Role
The expeditions to the area conducted in around 2,500 BC, the Biblical Books tells the tales of Israelites that crossed the river water body, and the Hebrew text named it Yam Suph. From the northern end of the Red Sea and Six Day War, it remained closed from 1967 to 1975.
3. Modern Significance
Many commercial endeavors are being carried out in the Red Sea in connection with oil exploration. There are five major types of mineral resources found here namely the evaporate deposits like gypsum, dolomite and halite, phosphates, sulfur, heavy metal deposits, and sulfur. Nations that are along the Red Sea exploited the oil and natural gas deposits. The area is famous for the recreational activities as many tourists come to the area to enjoy diving at the sites like Ras Mohammed, Elphinstone Ref, St. John’s Reef, The Brothers, and Rocky Island in Egypt, etc. Famous resorts in the area include the Hurghada, Marsa Alam, Safaga, Dahab, and Taba.
2. Habitat and Biodiversity
In the rich ecosystems of the Red Sea, there are 1,200 species of fishes found within, and 42 of these are deepwater fishes. The coral reefs that are 5,000 to 7,000 years old form the stony acropora and porites corals under the water. The 44 species of shark visits the area and even the Red Sea fish. Other marine habitats in the Red Sea include the sea grass, salt marshes, mangroves, and salt pans.
1. Environmental Threats and Territorial Disputes
The Red Sea shares marine waters with the countries like Jordan, Israel, Egypt, and Sudan, so the urban expansion, tourism, and industrial development is on the rise especially the work of coral reefs and the seabed, which causes threats to the environment and human health as well.