Cuba is the largest island in the Caribbean and the second most populous. Cuba’s biggest cities serve as the administrative towns in various Cuban provinces and attract many local and international tourists owing to their rich cultural and historical uniqueness. These cities were mainly established during the 16th century by Spanish immigrants. The cities experienced rapid growth during subsequent centuries becoming important centers for trade within the country. Many international and local businesses- private and governmental have been established in these cities.
The Biggest Cities In Cuba
Havana - 2,130,081
Havana is the largest city and the capital of Cuba with a population of 2,130,081. Havana has an area of 986.585 square miles. It is the leading commercial center with a major sea port. The Spanish founded Havana in the sixteenth century and made the city a stopping point as they crossed from the old to the new world. After its establishment, Havana served as a trading port between the Caribbean and North America. The Cuban government, government ministries, and businesses, as well as diplomatic offices, are based in Havana. The city is an important international tourist center with a UNESCO Wold Heritage Site within the city. Among other functions of the city are a residence, education, transport, industry, commerce, and as a religious center.
Santiago de Cuba - 433,099
Santiago de Cuba is the second largest and the second most populous city that serves as the capital of Santiago de Cuba province. The city has a population of 433,099. Santiago de Cuba is an important sea port second to Havana. Like Havana, Santiago de Cuba was established by the Spanish in the 16th century and played a significant role in the 20th-century Cuban revolution. Santiago de Cuba has a museum within it that displays a rich cultural heritage including music and traditional dances. The city is an important tourist center that houses the San Pedro de la Roca citadel and the Baconao Park which are UNESCO world heritage site and world heritage biosphere reserve respectively. Santiago de cube also serves as a transport center an educational center.
Camagüey - 306,183
Camagüey was founded in 1528 and is the third largest regarding area and the third most populous with 306,183 people. Camagüey serves as the administrative capital of Camagüey province. The city was inscribed a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2008. Camagüey serves as an educational center with secondary schools and the University of Camagüey, a sports center, a transport center with international airports within the city.
Holguín - 294,002
Holguin is the fourth most populous city in Cuba with a population of 294,002 and the capital of Holguin province. The city was also established by the Spanish in the 16th century by Captain Garcia Holguin. Holguin is an important tourist center with beach resorts, a sports center with a baseball stadium. Aside from tourism and sport, the city is an important recreation and entertainment, transport, and educational center. Holguin is home to Centro Provincial de Arte Gallery and La Periquera museum.
Other Big Cities In Cuba
Cuba’s other large cities concerning their population are Santa Clara, Bayamo, Guantanamo, Las Tunas, Cienfuegos and Pinar del Rio. These cities are important residential, transport, educational and recreational centers in Cuba.