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Peru Facts

  • Name: Peru
    (long form) Republic of Peru
  • Capital City: Lima (7,605,742 pop.)
    (8,472,935 metro)
  • Peru Population: 29,849,303 (2013 est.)
  • World Populations (all countries)
  • Currency: Peru Nuevo Sol (PEN)
    (conversion rates)

    Peru Nuevo Sol
    Ten Peru Nuevos Soles
  • Ethnicity: Amerindian 45%, mestizo (mixed Amerindian and white) 37%, white 15%, black, Japanese, Chinese, and other 3%
  • GDP total: $325.4 billion (2012 est)
  • GDP per capita: $10,700 (2012 est)
  • Land Sizes
  • Language: Spanish 84.1% (official), Quechua 13% (official), Aymara 1.7%, Ashaninka 0.3%, other native languages 0.7% (includes a large number of minor Amazonian languages), other
  • Largest Cities: (by population) Lima, Arequipa, Callao, Trujillo, Chiclayo, Iquitos, Huancayo, Piura, Chimbote, Cuzco
  • Name: The name Peru come from the word Biru. Biru was the name of a local ruler who lived near the Bay of San Miguel, Panama. The Spanish adopted the name in 1529.
  • National Day: July 28
  • Religion: Roman Catholic 81.3%, Evangelical 12.5%, other 3.3%, unspecified or none 2.9%
  • Symbols

About Peru

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This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.