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Burundi Geography

The landlocked small country of Burundi, located on the northeastern shoreline of Lake Tanganyika, is a very mountainous country. The only land below 3,000 feet is a narrow strip of plain along the Ruzizi River in the west.

Burundi's highest point is Mount Heha which rises 8,759 ft. (2,670 m); the lowest point of the country is Lake Tanganyika at 2,532 ft. (772 m).

Estimated to be the second largest freshwater lake in the world (by volume), Lake Tanganyika is divided amongst four different countries, including Burundi. Its waters flow into the Congo River, which leads to the Atlantic Ocean.

From the wooded Mitumba Mountains in the west, the land drops gradually into an uneven plateau with some grassland savanna, up to its border with Tanzania. The average elevation of the central plateau is over 5,000 ft.

Major rivers include the Kanyaru, Malagarasi, Rusize and Ruvubu, and significant lakes include the Cohaha, Rwero and of course, Lake Tanganyika.

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This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.