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Where is Peru?

map showing the location of Peru

Located in the continent of South America, Peru covers 1,279,996 square kilometers of land and 5,220 square kilometers of water, making it the 20th largest nation in the world with a total area of 1,285,216 square kilometers.

Peru became an independent state in 1824, after gaining its sovereignty from Spain. The population of Peru is 29,549,517 (2012) and the nation has a density of 23 people per square kilometer.

The currency of Peru is the Nuevo Sol (PEN). As well, the people of Peru are refered to as Peruvian.

The dialing code for the country is 51 and the top level internet domain for Peruvian sites is .pe.

Peru shares land borders with 5 countries: Bolivia, Ecuador, Colombia, Chile, Brazil.

To learn more, visit our detailed Peru section.

Quick facts

Population 29,549,517
Density 23.1 / km2 ( 59.8 / mi2 )
Languages Aymara, Spanish, Quechua
Independence Year 1824
Capital Lima (Lima)
Currency Nuevo Sol
GDP 203,000,000,000 (2014 data)
GDP per Capita 6,870 (2014 data)
Land Area 1,279,996 km2 (494,209 mi2)
Water Area 5,220 km2 (2,015 mi2)
Neighbouring Countries Bolivia, Ecuador, Chile, Brazil, Colombia
Minimum Longitude -81.330
Maximum Longitude -68.680
Mininum Latitude -18.380
Maximum Latitude -0.030

What is the capital of Peru?

map showing the location of Peru
Location of Lima on a map.

Lima is the capital city of Peru. It has a population of 7,737,002, and is located on a latitue of -12.04 and longitude of -77.03.

Lima is also the political center of Peru, which is considered a Republic, and home to its Executive head of state.

Quick Facts About Lima, the Capital Of Peru

City Lima
Country Peru
Population 7,737,002
Longitude -77.02824000
Latitude -12.04318000
Elevation 152 meters over sea level

Most popular cities in Peru

Rank City Population
#1Lima7,737,002
#2Arequipa841,130
#3Callao813,264
#4Trujillo747,450
#5Chiclayo577,375
#6Iquitos437,620
#7Huancayo376,657
#8Piura325,466
#9Chimbote316,966
#10Cusco312,140
#11Pucallpa310,750
#12Tacna280,098
#13Surco251,648
#14Ica246,844
#15Juliaca245,675
#16Sullana160,789
#17Chincha Alta153,076
#18Huanuco147,959
#19Ayacucho140,033
#20Cajamarca135,000

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This page was last updated on October 2, 2015.