The Solomons were first settled by Melanesian peoples some 4,000 years ago.
Extending about 900 miles in total length, the Solomons are a wide-spread archipelago of mountainous, (heavily forrested) volcanic islands (some active), and a few low-lying coral atolls.
Included in the mix are six major islands and approximately 1,000 smaller islands, all ending in the Santa Cruz Islands of the far southeast.
In the 16th century the Spanish (searching for gold) were the first Europeans to build scattered settlements here. All eventually failed, and the British subsequently established a protectorate over the Solomon Islands in 1893. It was then seized by the Japanese in 1942.
During World War II, some of the heaviest fighting of that war occurred in the Solomons, with the bloodiest and most decisive battle fought on the island of Guadalcanal.
After decades of nationalistic feelings, the Solomons achieved self-government in 1976, and independence from the UK in 1978. They remain a member of the British Commonwealth.
The major industries are agriculture, forestry and fishing. Tourism is a growing in economic impact, however, travelers are warned to be aware of potential ethnic violence and a rising crime rate.
For additional info about the Solomons, go here.
Facts and Figures
Official Name Solomon Islands
Capital City Honiara (54,600)
Languages Melanesian (Pigin), others
Official Currency Solomon Island Dollar
Currency Converter here
Religions Anglican, Catholic, others
Land Area 28,900 sq km (11,158 sq miles)
Latitude/Longitude 9º 43S, 159º 91E
Highest Point Makarakomburu 8,028 ft. (2,447 m)
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Solomon Islands Large Color Map here
Solomon Islands Map CIA version here
Solomon Islands Outline Map here
Solomon Islands Maps at UT here
Oceania Maps here
Solomon Islands (Complete) information on the (GDP) overall economy, imports and exports, resources, government, population, military, transportation, and more here
Solomon Islands Diving here
Solomon Islands History here
Solomon Islands Photos here
Solomon Islands Tourism here
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Climate Weather in the Solomons is generally warm and humid, though local temperatures are rarely excessive due to prevailing trade winds. Daytime highs are normally in the mid-80s.
November through March is the rainy season, with slightly warmer temperatures throughout the islands.
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