South Carolina

South Carolina Description

cherokee indians The first Europeans arrived along the unexplored coastal areas of the Carolinas (north and south) in the early 16th century. Native American inhabitants in what is now called South Carolina included the Catawba, Cherokee and Yamasee tribes.

The French and Spanish attempted to establish permanent settlements, but all failed. In 1670, the English settlement near present day Charleston finally took hold. The overall territory (north to south) was named Carolina after England's King Charles II, and it would later be divided into the British provinces of South Carolina and North Carolina.

Eager settlers continually arrived, great plantations were established along the coastal lowlands, and countless slaves from Africa labored long and hard in the rice and indigo fields. Rice was so profitable, that by 1730, over 20 million pounds were exported.

Charleston was now an important commercial port, and as the interior of this new land began to develop, the Native Americans were pushed west, and eventually their ancestral home here was lost.

The British saw an opportunity to tax the new-found wealth of America's colonies, and one of the richest, South Carolina, was no exception. Especially offended by the Tea Tax, powerful land owners and merchants rebelled, and in 1776, South Carolina declared its independence from Great Britain.

America's Revolutionary War was bravely fought on many fronts, and according to historical accounts, South Carolina witnessed more fighting than any other colony. At war's end South Carolina ratified the United States Constitution and officially became the eighth state to join the Union on May 23, 1788.

cotton gin After the war the state's economy exploded; the cotton gin invention turned cotton into a significant crop, and when combined with tobacco profits, South Carolina was on a roll. Underneath this fabric of success, the riches gained from the endless toil of black slaves was a festering, hot-button issue between North and South.

On December 20, 1860, South Carolina seceded from the union, the first of the Southern states to do so. When upstart Confederate troops fired on Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor on April 12, 1861, it sparked America's Civil War, a conflict that would eventually all but destroy the southern states.


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South Carolina Photographs

CITY ATTRACTIONS & MAPS:

Cape Hatteras Lighthouse at Sunrise

Cape Hatteras Lighthouse...
by Joseph Sohm
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charleston homes

Battery Row, Charleston

South Carolina Cities, Counties & Area Codes

City County Area Code
Abbeville Abbeville 864
Aiken Aiken 803
Allendale Allendale 803
Anderson Anderson 864
Bamberg Bamberg 803
Barnwell Barnwell 803
Beaufort Beaufort 843
Goose Creek Berkeley 843
Saint Matthews Calhoun 803
Charleston Charleston 843
Gaffney Cherokee 864
Chester Chester 803
Cheraw Chesterfield 843
Manning Clarendon 803
Walterboro Colleton 843
Hartsville Darlington 843
Dillon Dillon 843
Summerville Dorchester 843
North Augusta Edgefield 803
Winnsboro Fairfield 803
Florence Florence 843
Georgetown Georgetown 843
Greenville Greenville 864
Greenwood Greenwood 864
Estill Hampton 803
Myrtle Beach Horry 843
Ridgeland Jasper 843
Camden Kershaw 803
Lancaster Lancaster 803
Laurens Laurens 864
Bishopville Lee 803
Lexington Lexington 803
Marion Marion 843
Bennettsville Marlboro 843
McCormick McCormick 864
Newberry Newberry 803
Seneca Oconee 864
Orangeburg Orangeburg 803
Easley Pickens 864
Columbia Richland 803
Saluda Saluda 864
Spartanburg Spartanburg 864
Sumter Sumter 803
Union Union 864
Kingstree Williamsburg 843
Rock Hill York 803