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Russia Timeline

  • (1200sBC) Cimmerians, (Balkan people), settled in present-day Ukraine
  • (700sBC) Scythians, (Iranian people) conquered the Cimmerians
  • (200BC) Samaritans conquered the Scythians, introduced Greek and Roman influence
200AD - 800s
  • (200) German Visigoths conquered the area
  • (370) Huns, led by Attila, took control
  • (800s) Eastern Slavs settled in various areas of Russia
  • (862) Region became known as the Land of the Rus
  • (882) Kiev became the capital
1200 - 1400
  • (1237) Mongols, led by Batu Khan, invaded Russia, set fire to Moscow, slaughtered, enslaved inhabitants
  • (1237 - 1480) Mongols ruled Russia
  • (1328) Prince of Moscow, Ivan I, appointed grand prince by the Mongols
  • (1341) Ivan I died, succeeded by son Simeon
  • (1353) Simeon died, succeeded by Ivan II
  • (1359) Ivan II of Moscow died, was succeeded by nine-year old Dmitrii
  • (1462) Ivan III became ruler of Moscow, reorganized it as an absolutist state
  • (1480) Ivan III freed Russia from the Mongols
  • (1480) Ivan III of Moscow assumed title of Tsar of Russia
  • (1497) Ivan issued new legal code, Sudebnik, standardized laws, expanded criminal justice system, reduced the ability of serfs to leave their masters.
  • (1505) Ivan died, his son Vasili III took control
  • (1532) Vasili III conquered Tatar kingdom of Kazan
  • (1533) Vasili III died, son Ivan IV, (The Terrible), succeeded him; Vasili's wife, Elena Glinskaya, became regent
  • (1547) Ivan IV crowned first tsar of Russia
  • (1552) Ivan IV began conquest of Kazan, Tatarstan and Astrakhan in the Volga delta
  • (1552) Kazan, capital of Tatarstan, conquered by Ivan IV
  • (1582) Russia ceded Livonia and Estonia to Poland, lost access to Baltic Sea
  • (1584) Ivan IV died of mercury poison, throne fell to son Feodor I, who was mentally retarded; son-in-law Boris Godunov took de facto charge of government
  • (1598) Feodor I died, Godunov was elected the first non-Rurikid tsar
  • (1601) Famine killed more than one million people
  • (1605) Boris Godunov was killed; his son Feodor II was pronounced tsar
  • (1605) Feodor and his mother were killed, impostor False Dmitriy I was crowned tsar
  • (1610) Sweden helped Russia defeat Tushino rebels; Poland invaded Russia to counter Sweden's intervention
  • (1613) Michael Romanov elected as tsar by national council beginning the Romanov dynasty
  • (1624) Peasants rebelled in Ukraine against Polish rule
  • (1648) Townspeople in Moscow revolted when tax on salt was introduced
  • (1654) Nobles and landowners declared secession of Ukraine from Poland-Lithuania, demanded integration into Russia
  • (1654) Russia declared war on Poland, captured Minsk and Vilna
  • (1655) Sweden invaded Poland-Lithuania, millions died
  • (1687) Russia and Poland signed treaty of "eternal peace"
  • (1689) Peter the Great became tsar
  • (1689 - 1725) Peter the Great introduced new reforms, including creation of regular conscript army and navy, subordinated the church to himself, created new government structures, laid foundation for the Russian Empire
  • (1700 - 1721) Great Northern War - Conflict in which a coalition led by Russia to contest supremacy of the Swedish Empire in Northern, Central and Eastern Europe
  • (1713) Capitol moved from Russia to Saint Petersburg
  • (1721) Treaty of Nystad ended Great Northern War; Sweden ceded Estonia, Livonia, Ingria to Russia
  • (1735 - 1739) Russo-Turkish War fought between Russia and the Ottoman Empire
  • (1739) Russo-Turkish War ended with Treaty of Nissa; Russia ceded claims on Crimea and Moldavia, its navy was barred from the Black Sea
  • (1745) England, Austria, Saxony and the Netherlands formed alliance against Russia
  • (1756 - 1763) Seven Years War - France, Great Britain clashed in Europe and North America; France, Russia, Austria, Saxony, Sweden and Spain sided against Great Britain, Prussia and Hanover
  • (1762) Treaty of Saint Petersburg ended Russian participation in Seven Years War
  • (1762) Tsar Peter III overthrown by Imperial Guard, replaced by his wife, Catherine II
  • (1772 - 1814) Russia acquired Crimea along with parts of Poland, Ukraine, Belarus, Moldova, Georgia
  • (1796) Catherine II died, son Paul I took over the throne

Russia Photographs

Photos used are from public domain sources and from en.wikipedia.org

Russia republics, administrative territories, administrative regions, autonomous districts, 0, autonomous cities & their capitals

Region Capital
Adygea Maykop
Altai Gorno-Altaysk
Altai Krai Barnaul
Amur Oblast Blagoveshchensk
Arkhangelsk Oblast Arkhangel'sk
Astrakhan Oblast Astrakhan'
Bashkortostan Ufa
Belgorod Oblast Belgorod
Bryansk Oblast Bryansk
Buryatiya Ulan-Ude
Chechnya Groznyy
Chelyabinsk Oblast Chelyabinsk
Chukotka Autonomous Okrug Anadyr
Chuvashia Cheboksary
Dagestan Makhachkala
Ingushetia Magas
Irkutsk Oblast Irkutsk
Ivanovo Oblast Ivanovo
Jewish Autonomous Oblast Birobidzhan
Kabardino-Balkaria Nal'chik
Kaliningrad Oblast Kaliningrad
Kalmykia Elista
Kaluga Oblast Kaluga
Kamchatka Krai Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky
Karachay-Cherkessia Cherkessk
Karelia Petrozavodsk
Kemerovo Oblast Kemerovo
Khabarovsk Krai Khabarovsk
Khakassia Abakan
Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug Khanty-Mansiysk
Kirov oblast Kirov
Komi Syktyvkar
Kostroma Oblast Kostroma
Krasnoyarsk Krai Krasnoyarsk
Krasnoyarsk Krai Krasnodar
Kurgan Oblast Kurgan
Kursk Oblast Kursk
Leningrad Oblast Saint Petersburg
Lipetsk Oblast Lipetsk
Magadan Oblast Magadan
Mari El Yoshkar-Ola
Mordovia Saransk
Moscow Moscow
Moscow Oblast Vostochnoe Degunino
Murmansk Oblast Murmansk
Nenets Autonomous Okrug Nar'yan-Mar
Nizhny Novgorod Oblast Nizhniy Novgorod
North Ossetia-Alania Vladikavkaz
Novgorod Oblast Velikiy Novgorod
Novosibirsk Oblast Novosibirsk
Omsk Oblast Omsk
Orenburg Oblast Orenburg
Oryol Oblast Orel
Penza Oblast Penza
Perm Krai Perm
Primorsky Krai Vladivostok
Pskov Oblast Pskov
Rostov Oblast Rostov-na-Donu
Ryazan Oblast Ryazan'
Saint Petersburg Saint Petersburg
Sakha Yakutsk
Sakhalin Oblast Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk
Samara Oblast Samara
Saratov Oblast Saratov
Smolensk Oblast Smolensk
Stavropol Krai Stavropol'
Sverdlovsk Oblast Yekaterinburg
Tambov Oblast Tambov
Tatarstan Kazan
Tomsk Oblast Tomsk
Tula Oblast Tula
Tuva Kyzyl
Tver Oblast Tver
Tyumen Oblast Tyumen
Udmurtia Izhevsk
Ulyanovsk Oblast Ulyanovsk
Vladimir Oblast Vladimir
Volgograd Oblast Volgograd
Vologda Oblast Vologda
Voronezh Oblast Voronezh
Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug Salekhard
Yaroslavl Oblast Yaroslavl
Zabaykalsky Krai Chita