(1687) Russia and Poland signed treaty of "eternal peace"
(1689) Peter the Great became tsar
(1689 - 1725) Peter the Great introduced new reforms, including creation of regular conscript army and navy, subordinated the church to himself, created new government structures, laid foundation for the Russian Empire
(1700 - 1721) Great Northern War - Conflict in which a coalition led by Russia to contest supremacy of the Swedish Empire in Northern, Central and Eastern Europe
(1713) Capitol moved from Russia to Saint Petersburg
(1721) Treaty of Nystad ended Great Northern War; Sweden ceded Estonia, Livonia, Ingria to Russia
(1735 - 1739) Russo-Turkish War fought between Russia and the Ottoman Empire
(1739) Russo-Turkish War ended with Treaty of Nissa; Russia ceded claims on Crimea and Moldavia, its navy was barred from the Black Sea