Russia

Russia Description

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Russia, the world's largest country, obviously defies a "brief description," as it covers 9 time zones, all climate zones except tropical, with land that stretches almost halfway around the planet.
In fact, by jet from Moscow, it takes about eight hours to reach Vladivostok on the Pacific Ocean coast. If you were to take the trip on the Trans-Siberian Railroad, you can count on your journey taking at least 4 days minimum.

Russia has over 1,000 major cities, 16 of which have a metro population of more than one million; the most populated cities are Moscow, St. Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg and Nizhny Novgorod.

Moscow, the capital, with over 12 million (metro) residents, is the country's major economic and political center - the seat of the President, the government and the State Duma.

The Russian landmass west of the Ural Mountains (shown above in a lighter shade of grey) is referred to as European Russia by most educational atlases and geography experts. It is not a separate country, but rather called that because of its political, cultural and geographical blendings with Europe.

A Brief History of Russia

Historically, Russia was occupied by Mongols, and the likes, for centuries. Early Russian ancestors belonged to Slavic tribes, and by the mid-9th century vikings arrived. The vikings moved across the vast landscape, utilizing the many waterways, and maintained trade along the way.

Eventually, the Norse peoples merged with the Slavic population, absorbing Greek Christian influences as well, and then, in the mid-1200s the Mongols arrived.

The impact of the Mongol invasion, at best, was uneven - older cities never completely recovered from the destruction, while the new cities of Moscow, Tver and Nizhny Novgorod began to fight for power amidst the Mongol-dominated land.

The Mongols began to falter by the middle of the 14th century, and, upon their eventual collapse, Moscow's leadership began to expand outward. The influence of the Mongols in terms of military tactics and transportation remained with the Russian peoples, and in the 15th century Ivan III (Ivan the Great) organized the foundation for a Russian national state.

Ivan IV emerged in 1547 as a powerful, autocratic ruler - giving himself the title of "Tsar" - he was known for his ruthlessness, and strengthened the position of the monarch to an unparalleled degree.
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Russia Photographs

nested dolls russia

Typical nested dolls, Russia

saint petersburg

Port of Saint Petersburg

Most popular Cities in Russia

Akademicheskoe, Al'met'yevsk, Angarsk, Balakovo, Bataysk, Belgorod, Berezniki, Blagoveshchensk, Bratsk, Cheboksary, Cherepovets, Derbent, Engel's, Irkutsk, Ivanovo, Kaliningrad, Kalininskiy, Kaluga, Kamensk-Ural'skiy, Kamyshin, Kazan, Kemerovo, Khasavyurt, Kirov, Kiselevsk, Kostroma, Kovrov, Kurgan, Kursk, Leninsk-Kuznetsky, Lipetsk, Makhachkala, Maykop, Mezhdurechensk, Murmansk, Murom, Naberezhnyye Chelny, Neftekamsk, Nefteyugansk, Nizhnekamsk, Nizhnevartovsk, Nizhniy Tagil, Novocheboksarsk, Novocherkassk, Novokuybyshevsk, Novokuznetsk, Novomoskovsk, Novosibirsk, Novotroitsk, Noyabrsk, Obninsk, Oktyabr'skiy, Omsk, Orenburg, Orsk, Penza, Perm, Pervoural'sk, Prokop'yevsk, Pskov, Rostov-na-Donu, Salavat, Samara, Saratov, Seversk, Shakhty, Smolensk, Solikamsk, Staryy Oskol, Sterlitamak, Surgut, Syzran', Taganrog, Tol'yatti, Tomsk, Tula, Ufa, Ulan-Ude, Ust'-Ilimsk, Velikiy Novgorod, Velikiye Luki, Vladimir, Volgodonsk, Volgograd, Vologda, Volzhskiy, Yakutsk, Yekaterinburg, Yelets, Yoshkar-Ola, Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk

Russia republics, administrative territories, administrative regions, autonomous districts, 0, autonomous cities & their capitals

Region Capital
Adygea Maykop
Altai Gorno-Altaysk
Altai Krai Barnaul
Amur Oblast Blagoveshchensk
Arkhangelsk Oblast Arkhangel'sk
Astrakhan Oblast Astrakhan'
Bashkortostan Ufa
Belgorod Oblast Belgorod
Bryansk Oblast Bryansk
Buryatiya Ulan-Ude
Chechnya Groznyy
Chelyabinsk Oblast Chelyabinsk
Chukotka Autonomous Okrug Anadyr
Chuvashia Cheboksary
Dagestan Makhachkala
Ingushetia Magas
Irkutsk Oblast Irkutsk
Ivanovo Oblast Ivanovo
Jewish Autonomous Oblast Birobidzhan
Kabardino-Balkaria Nal'chik
Kaliningrad Oblast Kaliningrad
Kalmykia Elista
Kaluga Oblast Kaluga
Kamchatka Krai Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky
Karachay-Cherkessia Cherkessk
Karelia Petrozavodsk
Kemerovo Oblast Kemerovo
Khabarovsk Krai Khabarovsk
Khakassia Abakan
Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug Khanty-Mansiysk
Kirov oblast Kirov
Komi Syktyvkar
Kostroma Oblast Kostroma
Krasnoyarsk Krai Krasnoyarsk
Krasnoyarsk Krai Krasnodar
Kurgan Oblast Kurgan
Kursk Oblast Kursk
Leningrad Oblast Saint Petersburg
Lipetsk Oblast Lipetsk
Magadan Oblast Magadan
Mari El Yoshkar-Ola
Mordovia Saransk
Moscow Moscow
Moscow Oblast Vostochnoe Degunino
Murmansk Oblast Murmansk
Nenets Autonomous Okrug Nar'yan-Mar
Nizhny Novgorod Oblast Nizhniy Novgorod
North Ossetia-Alania Vladikavkaz
Novgorod Oblast Velikiy Novgorod
Novosibirsk Oblast Novosibirsk
Omsk Oblast Omsk
Orenburg Oblast Orenburg
Oryol Oblast Orel
Penza Oblast Penza
Perm Krai Perm
Primorsky Krai Vladivostok
Pskov Oblast Pskov
Rostov Oblast Rostov-na-Donu
Ryazan Oblast Ryazan'
Saint Petersburg Saint Petersburg
Sakha Yakutsk
Sakhalin Oblast Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk
Samara Oblast Samara
Saratov Oblast Saratov
Smolensk Oblast Smolensk
Stavropol Krai Stavropol'
Sverdlovsk Oblast Yekaterinburg
Tambov Oblast Tambov
Tatarstan Kazan
Tomsk Oblast Tomsk
Tula Oblast Tula
Tuva Kyzyl
Tver Oblast Tver
Tyumen Oblast Tyumen
Udmurtia Izhevsk
Ulyanovsk Oblast Ulyanovsk
Vladimir Oblast Vladimir
Volgograd Oblast Volgograd
Vologda Oblast Vologda
Voronezh Oblast Voronezh
Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug Salekhard
Yaroslavl Oblast Yaroslavl
Zabaykalsky Krai Chita