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Bangladesh History Timeline

2700BC - 700BC

  • (2700BC - 700BC) Harrappan civilization lived in Ingus and Ganges Valleys
600 - 1500
  • (600 - 625) King Shashanka ruled Bengal
  • (750) Gopala, founder of Pala Dynasty came into power by election
  • (900 - 1000) Chandra dynasty ruled in the Harikela region (southeast Bangladesh)
  • (1095) Hemanta Sen declared himself king, founded Sena dynasty
  • (1204) Muslim rule began under Ikhtiyar Uddin Muhammad Bin Bakhtiyar Khalji
  • (1204 - 1226) Khilji Maliks ruled
  • (1226) Iltutmish, Sultan of Delhi, invaded Bengal, killed Ghiyasuddin Iwaj Shah, the last Khilji ruler
  • (1281 - 1324) Mahmud Shahi dynasty ruled
  • (1328) Army of Delhi Sultanate defeated and killed Ghiyasuddin Bahadur Shah I, last ruler of the dynasty
  • (1436 - 1486) Shahi dynasty ruled
  • (1487) Jalaluddin Fateh Shah assassinated by Habshi slaves
  • (1494 - 1538) Rule of Hussain Shahi dynasty
1500 - 1800
  • (1534) Portuguese arrived at Chittagong, received trade permits
  • (1575) Battle of Tukaroi fought between Sultanate of Bangala and Mughal Empire
  • (1584) Mughal Subahdar Shahbaz Khan captured Sonargaon, defeated Mughal army and reclaimed lands
  • (1608) Subahdar Islam Khan led expedition into Bengal, subjugated local rules, moved provincial capital to Dhaka
  • (1757) At the Battle of Paulashy, British East India Company defeated Nawab of Bengal, established company rule in India
  • (1770) Bengal famine caused deaths of over 15 million
  • (1793) Permanent Settlement Act imposed
  • (1857) Indian Rebellion broke out
  • (1858) East Indian Company dissolved, British Raj rule began
1900s
  • (1905) Decision to partition Bengal announced
  • (1930) Revolutionary Surya Sen led Chittagong raid
  • (1934) Surya Sen hung by British rulers
  • (1947) British colonial rule over India ended, Bangladesh, as part of Pakistan, gained independence
  • (1947) Muslim state comprising East and West Pakistan established on either side of India, separated by more than 1,500 km of Indian territory
  • (1948) Students went on strike in protest of omission of Bangla from official use
  • (1949) Awami League established to campaign for autonomy for East Pakistan from West Pakistan
1900s continued
  • (1952) Police opened fire on students protesting the Bangali Language Movement
  • (1958) Constitution abrogated, martial law declared in Pakistan
  • (1960) Cyclone and tidal wave hit Bay of Bengal, over 6,000 killed in East Pakistan
  • (1969) Mass uprising in East Pakistan
  • (1970) Awami League won election victory in East Pakistan, West Pakistan refused to recognize results, riots began
  • (1970) Cyclone struck East Pakistan, 500,000 killed
  • (1971) Awami League leaders proclaimed independence of province of East Pakistan, the new country was named Bangladesh
  • (1971) Nearly 10 million Bangladeshis fled to India as troops from West Pakistan were defeated by Indian forces
  • (1971) Operation Searchlight and Bangladesh Liberation War caused human rights abuses by Pakistan Army, many thousands killed, eight to ten million fled the country
  • (1971) Pakistan Army committed massacre at Chuknagar, killed thousands
  • (1971) India became first country to recognize Bangladesh
  • (1972) Sheikh Mujib became prime minister, began program to improve living standards
  • (1974) Floods devastated most of grain crop; 28,000 died
  • (1974) Bangladesh famine caused deaths of over one million people
  • (1974) Pakistan recognized Bangladesh
  • (1974) Bangladesh joined United Nations

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