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Hawaii

Hawaii History Timeline

300s - 1700s
  • (300 - 700) Polynesian settlers arrived from Marquesas
  • (1627) Spanish sailors visited Hawaii
  • (1778) British Captain, James Cook, discovered Hawaiian islands, named them Sandwich Islands
  • (1779) Captain Cook killed at Kealakekua
  • (1780's) Many Hawaiians killed by disease brought by European and U. S. trading ships
  • (1782) King Kamehameha I gained control in northern Island of Hawaii; began conquest of other islands
  • (1794) Hawaii placed under protectorate of Great Britain
  • (1795) King Kamehameha I unified Hawaii
1800s
  • (1813) Spanish advisor to King Kamehameha, Don Francisco de Paula y Marin, introduced coffee and pineapple to Hawaii
  • (1815) Attempt by Russian soldiers to build fort failed
  • (1819) King Kamehameha died; son Liholiho became Kemehameha II; he abolished local religion
  • (1820) Christian missionaries arrived
  • (1824) King Kamehameha II died in London
  • (1825) Kauikeaouli ascended to throne as Kamehameha III
  • (1826) U. S. and Hawaii entered into treaty of friendship, commerce and navigation
  • (1829) First coffee planted in Kona
  • (1831) Catholic missionaries forced to leave or be imprisoned
  • (1835) First sugar plantation established in Koloa
  • (1839) Roman Catholics received religious freedom
  • (1840) Hawaii adopted first constitution
  • (1842) First House of Representatives met
  • (1843) Lord George Paulet seized Hawaii for England; Great Britain and France agreed Sandwich Islands would be an independent State
  • (1846) Construction of Washington Place (governor's residence) completed
  • (1848) Kamehameha III divided land between King, nobility and commoners
  • (1849) Invasion attempt by French Admiral Legoarant de Tromelin failed
  • (1852) First steam-propelled ship used for inter-island service; first Chinese contract workers arrived
  • (1853) Smallpox epidemic killed over 5,000
  • (1854) Kamehameha III died; Alexander Liholiho assumed throne as Kamehameha IV
  • (1863) Kamehameha IV died; Prince Lot Kapuaiwa assumed throne as Kamehameha V
  • (1864) Samuel Clemens (Mark Twain) sailed into Honolulu Harbor
  • (1868) First Japanese contract workers arrived
  • (1872) King Kamehameha V died
  • (1873) William Lunalilo elected King
  • (1874) Supreme Court of Hawaii moved to Ali'iolani; King Lunalilo died; David Kalakuau became King
  • (1878) First telephone operated; Portuguese arrived from Azores
  • (1879) First locomotive operated on Maui
  • (1881) Macadamia nuts introduced to Hawaii
  • (1885) First pineapples were planted
  • (1886) Electricity arrived
  • (1891) King Kalakaua died; Lydia Kamaka'eha became Queen Lili'uokalani
  • (1893) Monarchy overthrown by government ministers, planters and businessmen
  • (1894) Republic of Hawaii established
  • (1898) U.S. Congress passed resolution to annex Hawaii

1900s

  • (1900) Great Chinatown Fire occurred, over $1,400,000 in losses, 7,000 homeless; first workers arrived from Puerto Rico and Okinawa; Hawaii established as U. S. Territory
  • (1901) James Drummond Dole planted first pineapples, established Hawaiian Pineapple Company
  • (1910) First airplane flight in Hawaii occurred
  • (1920) Hawaii National Park established by Act of Congress
  • (1924) Labor riots at Hanapepe, Kauai killed 16 workers and 4 police
  • (1927) "Outdoor Circle" organization established, banned billboard advertising
  • (1934) President Roosevelt visited Hawaii
  • (1935) First trans-Pacific flight from San Francisco to Hawaii took 21 1/2 hours
  • (1941) Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor
  • (1946) Great tsunami struck Hilo, killed over 100, caused $25 million in damages; 33 sugar plantations were struck by 28,000 workers
  • (1947) Pineapples workers conducted first strike
  • (1950) Eruption of Mauna Loa destroyed village of Ho'okena mauka
  • (1959) Hawaii became 50th U. S. state
  • (1969) Television series "Hawaii Five-Oh' began
  • (1974) Workers on sugar and pineapple plantations went on strike
  • (1982) Hurricane Iwa caused $312 million in damages; destroyed parts of Kauai and Oahu
  • (1990) Kilauea erupted; destroyed Kalapana
  • (1991) Miss Hawaii, Carolyn Sapp, became first Miss America from Hawaii
  • (1992) Hurricane Iniki struck Kauai; killed four, caused $2 billion in damages
  • (1995) Last sugar plantation on Island of Hawaii closed
2000s
  • (2000) U. S. Supreme Court declared restricting voting in Office of Hawaiian Affairs to native Hawaiians violated 15th Amendment
  • (2001) U. S. submarine, Japanese trawler collided, nine killed; two Army helicopters crashed, six killed
  • (2005) Michelle Wie finished fourth on professional debut, disqualified
  • (2006) Earthquake knocked out power and toppled rock walls; pacific states held tsunami test
  • (2008) U.S. warship successfully struck disabled spy satellite off west coast of Hawaii
  • (2011) Thousands of people ordered to evacuate coastal areas due to threat of tsunami from earthquake off Japan
  • (2011) Pearl Harbor's 70th anniversary commemorated

Hawaii Photographs

George Paulet James Drummond Dole James Cook Kamehameha Kamehameha III Kamehameha IV Kamehameha V Kilauea Mauna Loa Eruption USS Arizona Pearl Harbor

Hawaii Cities, Counties & Area Codes

City County Area Code
Hilo Hawaii 808
Honolulu Honolulu 808
Kalaupapa Kalawao 808
Kapaa Kauai 808
Wailuku Maui 808
This page was last modified on April 7, 2017.