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Cuba Geography

Cuba is the largest country by land area in the Caribbean, and the main island is the sixteenth largest island in the world by land area.

A handful of archipelagos (that include hound reds of island and cay's) ring its coastline north and south.

Isla de la Juventud, or "Isle of Youth" is the second-largest Cuban island and the seventh-largest island in the West Indies.

Overall Cuba's land is relatively flat, flowing gradually into hills, including a few hills of limestone shown to the right. Cuba's coastal areas are the most mountainous.

In the Sierra de los Organos of the far-northwest the landscape is hilly with a few lower mountains. In the southwest the Sierra Maestra is a mountain range that rises sharply from the coast. Located there, Pico Turquino at 6,650 ft (1,999 m), is the highest point in Cuba.

Other mountain ranges of note are the Sierra Cristal (southeast), the Escambray Mountains (central) and the Sierra del Rosario in the northwest.

Considering its overall size Cuba has little inland water areas. Those of note include Laguna de Leche at 67.2 sq km (25.9 sq mi), and the man-made Zaza Reservoir, at 113.5 sq km (43.8 sq mi).

Cuba has nearly 200 small rivers as well as many narrow streams that run dry in summer. The country's longest river is the Cauto; it flows for 230 mi (370 km) from its source in the Sierra Maestra.

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This page was last modified on April 7, 2017.