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Lithuania History Timeline

BC
  • (2000BC) Lithuanian ancestors settled along the Baltic coast
1200s AD - 1300s
  • (1236 AD) Duke Mindaugas united local chieftains, defeated the Livonian knights at the battle of Saule; unification helped Lithuania fend off German crusaders; the state of Lithuanian established pagan
  • (1253) Christianity embraced for political reasons, Duke Mindaugas crowned Lithuania's one and only king
  • (1323) Viknius, capital of Lithuania, founded by Grand Duke Gediminas
  • (1386) Lithuanian Grand Duke Jogaila and Polish Queen wed, created a monarchial union; Jogaila elected King of Poland; Lithuania last pagan state converted to Christianity
  • (1387) Jogaila issued a proclamation for all Lithuanians to accept Catholicism; Vilnius first self-governed Lithuanian city
  • (1392-1430) Lithuania-Poland stretched to the Black Sea; Lithuanians and allies crushed the Teutonic Knights, ended the Teutonic Knight's military power in the region
1400s - 1800s
  • (1400's) Jews began to settle in Lithuania
  • (1569) Lithuania entered a formal commonwealth with Poland
  • (1657) Plague struck Vilnius, half the residents died
  • (1795) 3rd division of the Lithuanian Polish state Lithuania was annexed to Russia
  • (1860-1885) Lithuanian uprisings against Russian rule occurred
  • (1869) St.Petersburg-Vilnius-Warsaw railway completed, first gas factory built, cast iron foundry opened, tobacco plant opened, first brewery established
1900s
  • (1915) German troops occupied Lithuania during World War I
  • (1918) Lithuania declared independence
  • (1920) Under Treaty of Moscow, Soviet Union recognized Lithuania's independence; Poles occupied Vilnius; Kaunas became Lithuania's provisional capital
  • (1926) Antanas Smetona, nationalist party leader, seized power in military coup after left wing won elections
  • (1939) USSR occupied Lithuania; mass deportations to Siberia began; Moscow handed Vilnius back to Lithuania; Soviet Union compelled Lithuania to accept Soviet military bases
  • (1940) Soviet army invaded Lithuania; Smetona fled; Lithuania incorporated into USSR
  • (1941) Nazis occupied Lithuania; most of Lithuania's Jews killed
  • (1944) Red Army returned; over 500,000 Lithuanians were deported, forced into exile, jailed or shot
  • (1987) First open protests against Soviets occurred
  • (1989) Lithuanian communists voted to break with the Soviet party
  • (1990) Lithuania declared independence; USSR imposed embargo, halted fuel supplies, caused severe economic difficulties; Lithuania agreed to suspend independence
  • (1991) Soviet crackdown killed 13 civilians in Vilnius; failed coup in Moscow, Lithuania won independence; Lithuania joined OSCE and UN
  • (1992) New constitution introduced presidency; coalition government formed
  • (1993) Brazauskas elected president; Lithuania joined Council of Europe; the litas, new national currency introduced; Soviet troops complete withdrawal
  • (1994) Lithuania joined NATO partnership for peace program; treaty of friendship signed with Poland
  • (1995) Two largest commercial banks collapsed in Lithuania; political scandal ensued
  • (1996) Prime Minister Slezevicius removed
  • (1997) President Brazauskas visited Russia; border treaty signed
  • (1998) Valdas Adamkus, US citizen who spent nearly 50 years in exile, elected president
  • (1999) Conservative Prime Minister Rolandas Paksas resigned; Andrius Kubilius became prime minister
2000s
  • (2000) Paksas reappointed prime minister, as a member of the Liberal Union
  • (2001) Following the collapse of the coalition, Brazauskas became prime minister
  • (2002) Lithuania formally invited to join NATO and the European Union
  • (2003) Rolandas Paksas elected president; impeachment proceedings began against President Paksas after parliament concluded alleged links between Paksas and Russian organized crime constituted threat to national security
  • (2004) Lithuania joined NATO; parliament impeached and dismissed Rolandas Paksas; Lithuania joined the European Union; Valdas Adamkus re-elected president; Algirdas Brazaukas carried on as prime minister; Lithuania became first EU member state to ratify new constitution; due to EU entry requirements, number one reactor at Ignalina nuclear power station shut down
  • (2005) Russian fighter jet crashed in Lithuania territory, raised diplomatic tension with Moscow; investigation found technical and human error to blame, situation defused
  • (2008) Parliament ratified EU Lisbon Treaty; parliament banned display of Soviet and Nazi symbols; Andrius Kubilius, homeland union leader, appointed prime minister at the head of a center-right coalition government
  • (2009) Dalia Grybauskaite, EU budget commissioner, won presidential election; in accordance with EU entry requirements, the second reactor at the Ignalina nuclear power station shut down

Lithuania Photographs

Photos used are from public domain sources and from en.wikipedia.org

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This page was last modified on April 7, 2017.