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Bosnia and Herzegovina History Timeline

1200's – 1800's

  • (1291) Catholic Francisan order arrived in Bosnia
  • (1389) Bosnian King Tvrtko, other Balkan princes along with Albanians, fought under the command of Serbian Prince Lazar; Serbs defeated in the battle of Kosovo
  • (1463) Ottomans conquered Bosnia
  • (1526-41) Turks occupied most of Hungary, consolidated their hold on Bosnia
  • (1699) Prince Eugene of Savoy looted, burned Sarajevo
  • (1878) Austrian-Hungarian Empire ruled Bosnia
1900's
  • (1908) Bosnia-Herzegovina annexed to Austria-Hungary
  • (1909) Serbia officially recognized the annexation of Bosnia-Herzegovina by Austria-Hungary
  • (1914) Bosnia Serb student, Gavrilo Princip, assassinated Austrian archduke Franz Ferdinand in Sarajevo
  • (1918) Austria-Hungary collapsed at the end of the war; Bosnia became part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes
  • (1941) Bosnia incorporated into Croat state; thousands of Serbs, Jews, and Gypsies sent to death camps
  • (1945) Bosnia-Herzegovina became a republic within the Yugoslav Socialist Federation
  • (1984) XIV winter Olympics games held in Sarajevo
  • (1990) Serb Democratic party founded by Radovan Karadzic; Jure Pelivan became prime minister of Bosnia
  • (1991) Serbs in Krajina declared independence from the Republic of Croatia; Macedonia and Bosnia-Herzegovina proposed a plan of compromise about the future Yugoslav State, Slovenia and Croatia rejected the plan; Bosnia-Herzegovina declared its sovereignty and neutrality
  • (1992) Ministerial Council of the EC adopted a declaration, recognized the republic of Bosnia-Herzegovina within its present borders; U.S. President George Bush signed a decree in recognition of independence of Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia, and Slovenia within the present boundaries of these former Yugoslav republics; Bosnian government issued new currency; a referendum (boycotted by the Serbs) on the independence of Bosnia-Herzegovina held, 99% of the 63% who voted approved the independence; Serbs in Bosnia-Herzegovina declared their own state, claimed Sarajevo the capital
1900's continued
  • (1992) Bosnian Muslims and Croats voted to secede from Yugoslavia; Bosnian President Alia Izetbegovic officially proclaimed independence of Bosnia; 88-member Assembly in Banja Luka proclaimed the Serb Republic of Bosnia-Herzegovina; Bosnia-Herzegovina member of OSCE; Croatia, Slovenia, Bosnia, Herzegovina became UN members; Bosnia, Herzegovina and Croatia signed a treaty of friendship; UN security council issued Resolution 780, established a commission for the war crimes in Bosnia; Mile Akmadzic became prime minister of Bosnia
  • (1992-1995) Inter-ethnic civil war between Bosnia, Serbs, Croats
  • (1993) Leaders of three warring ethnic groups in Bosnia-Herzegovina met in Geneva; Serb siege of Sarajevo continued; UN and European Union peace efforts failed, war broke out between Muslims and Croats in Bosnia; in an ineffective attempt to stop the war, distribution of food in Sarajevo blocked; airdrop relief supplies supported by U.S. President Clinton began; NATO forces enforced a UN ban on flights over Bosnia; Bosnia Serbs rejected a UN-backed peace plan; UN safe havens for Bosnian Muslim civilians created, included Sarajevo, Gorazde and Srebrenica


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