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Albania History Timeline

BC
  • (1000BC) Illyrians were Indo-European tribesmen who appeared in the western part of the Balkan Peninsula; Albanians derived their name from an Illyrian tribe called the Arber, or Arbereshe, and later Albanoi, who lived near Durres
1100 – 1800
  • (1100-1200) Serbs occupied parts of northern and eastern Albanian inhabited lands
  • (1204) Venice won control over most of Albania; Byzantines regained control of the southern portion, established the Despotate of Epirus
  • (1272) King of Naples occupied Durres; established the Kingdom of Arberia, the first Albanian kingdom since the fall of Illyria
  • (1385) Albanian ruler of Durres invited Ottoman forces to intervene
  • (1443-1468) Gjergj Kastrioti (Skanderbeg) led revolt; began holy war against Ottoman Empire, resulted in brief independence
  • (1468) Skanderbeg died; Turks absorbed Albania into the Ottoman Empire
  • (1478) Christians forced to convert to Islam
  • (1500s-1800s) Two-thirds of Albanians converted to Islam
  • (1822) Albanian leader Ali Pasha of Tepelena assassinated by Ottoman agents for promoting autonomy
  • (1877-1878) Russia defeated the Ottoman Empire; Ottoman influence in Albania weakened
1900s
  • (1912) Balkan Wars began; Albania claimed as an independent state
  • (1913) Treaty of Bucharest ended Balkan Wars; Albania recognized as independent state ruled by a constitutional monarchy
  • (1914) German Prince Wilhelm de Wied crowned King of Albania; installed as head of the Albanian state by the International Control Commission; rule ended within six months, with outbreak of World War I
  • (1918) World War I ended; Royal Italian Army occupied most of Albania; Serbian, Greek, and French forces occupied remainder; Italian and Yugoslav powers struggled for dominance over Albania
  • (1919) Serbs attacked Albanian cities; Albanians adopted guerilla warfare
  • (1919) Albania was denied official representation at the Paris Peace Conference; British, French, and Greek negotiators decided to divide Albania among Greece, Italy, and Yugoslavia; decision vetoed by U.S. President Wilson
  • (1920) Albanian leaders met in Lushnje, rejected the partitioning of Albania by the Treaty of Paris; a bicameral parliament created; Albanian government moved to Tirana, capital of Albania
  • (1920) Albania forced Italian troops out, abandoned claims to Albanian territory
  • (1920) Albania admitted to the League of Nations as sovereign and independent state
  • (1921) Yugoslav troops invaded Albania; The League of Nations commission forced Yugoslav withdrawal, reaffirmed Albania's 1913 borders
  • (1921) Popular Party, led by Xhafer Ypi, formed a government with Ahmet Zogu as minister of internal affairs
  • (1922) Ahmet Zogu, a tribal warlord, assumed position of prime minister
  • (1926) Italy and Albania signed the First Treaty of Tirana, guaranteed Zogu's political position and Albania's boundaries
  • (1928) Zogu pressured parliament to dissolve itself; a new constituent assembly declared Albania a kingdom; Zogu became Zog I, "King of the Albanians"
  • (1934) Albania signed trade agreement with Greece and Yugoslavia; Italy suspended economic support; attempted to threaten Albania
  • (1935) Mussolini presented a gift of 3,000,000 gold francs to Albania; other economic aid followed
  • (1937) Italy occupied Albania
  • (1939) Before the start of World War II, Italy invaded Albania; King Zog fled to Greece
  • (1940) Italian army attacked Greece through Albania
  • (1941) Enver Hoxha became head of new Albanian Communist Party
  • (1943) German forces invaded and occupied Albania
  • (1944) Germans withdrew after Communist resistance; Enver Hoxha installed as new leader
  • (1948) Albania broke ties with Yugoslavia; Soviet Union began economic aid to Albania
  • (1950) Britain and U.S. backed landings by right-wing guerillas, who failed to topple communists

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This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.