Society

Biggest Cities In Albania

Tiranë is Albania's largest and capital city. It is also at the heart of the country's cultural, economic, and governmental activities.

Tiranë is Albania's largest and capital city and the heart of the country's cultural, economic and governmental activity. Major port cities in the country are Durrës and Vlorë which was Albania's first Capital. Elbasan and Shkoder are among the oldest cities in Albania, and they play vital roles as cultural centers of the country. According to the 2011 Census, Albania had a population of about 2,831,741. Around 858,262 people live in Tiranë, Albania’s Capital. Other cities have populations below 500,000 making Tiranë, the most populous city of Albania. Even though most cities in Albania played a significant role in the spread of Christianity, the Ottoman Empire had a lasting impact in the country. Today 58.79% are Muslims majorly Sunni Muslims. 16.99% are Christians with Catholics dominating. In all the cities, three ethnic groups are officially recognized; Greeks, Montenegrins, and Macedonians. Also, Aromanians and Romani are the official minorities.

The 5 Biggest Cities In Albania

Tiranë

Tiranë, the capital city of Albania, lies on the western side of Albania surrounded by hills. The Dajiti Mountain lies to the east. There is a small valley which overlooks the Adriatic Sea. Two rivers, Tiranë and Lane, flow through the city. Tiranë is also the 7th largest city in Balkan Peninsula with a population of 858,262. The city is home to many local universities, academic institutions, and commercial companies. Tiranë is the heart of Albania and it is the economic, cultural, political, and social center of the country. All national institutions are located in Tiranë most notably the parliament, government house, ministries, presidential palace, and constitutional courts. The city experiences a humid subtropical climate. Major problems facing Tiranë are overpopulation which often leads to improper waste management and air and noise pollution.

Durrës

Durrës lies about 33 kilometers from Tiranë at the coast region of Albania. The city is one of the oldest and economic backbone regions of Albania. Durrës lies at an opening to the Adriatic Seas opposite the ports of Bari and Brindisi in Italy. Durrës port handles over 3.4 million tons of cargo annually, making it the 10th largest cargo port along the Adriatic Sea. It provides a link to Western Europe and also plays a vital role as a dockyard, shipyard, and has many manufacturing industries producing plastic, leather, and tobacco products. On the southern coastal lies Golem, a tourist hub. More than 800,000 visitors visit Durrës annually as tourists. The metropolitan area has a total population of approximately 201,519 with a majority of them living in the city. Durrës experiences a Mediterranean climate. Even though the city has put in place new water sanitation system to prevent sea water pollution, the issue remains a concern, particularly in the southern stretch.

Vlorë

Vlorë is the second largest port in Albania after Durrës. The city was founded in the sixth century BC by ancient Greeks who named it Aulon. During the Roman Empire reign, the city was part of Epirus Nova, a vital port to the sustainability of the empire. On November 28, 1912, Ismail Qemali declared Albania independent on Vlorë’s soil. It then became the country’s first capital but in 1914 Italians invaded it and remained there until 1920 when Albanian rebellion drove out the Italian forces from Albania. In 1939, Italian forces invaded again until Italians surrendered in 1943 to its allies. The Nazis then occupied it until the communist liberated it in 1944. Vlore experiences a Mediterranean climate where summers are hot dry and cold, wet winters. Vlore is an important seaport and commercial center as well.

Elbasan

Elbasan city in central Albania is located along the Shkumbin River. Elbasan has a total population of about 26,703 making it one of the biggest cities in the country. Elbasan history dates back to the 5th century as it played a critical role in the spread if Christianity. It had basilicas and a bishop cathedral. The city has an excellent religion tolerance with Muslims, Christians, and pagans co- existing harmoniously. The summer day festivities carried by pagans celebrating the coming of summer as winter ends is held in Elbasan. Elbasan economy thrives on tobacco products and alcoholic beverages. Sights in the city include the two ancient walls stills standing, cobblestone streets, old houses, and the clock tower.

Shkodër

Shkodër is one of the most ancient places in Albania serving as an important economic and cultural center. Shkoder has a population of about 102,075 people living in 872.71 km2 area. The city strategic location near the Adriatic Sea and Italian ports made it an important region in many different epochs. It once served as the capital of an old Illyrian tribe called Labiates. The Lake of Skadar lies to the west and connects Albania to Montenegro. The city lies between two rivers, Drini and Buna on the eastern shores of Lake Shkoder. The Buna River joins Shkoder to the Adriatic Sea while the Drin River links the city of the Ohrid Lake. Shkoder experiences a Mediterranean climate. Main economic activities in the city are tobacco processing, manufacture of cigarettes, textile industries including the production of garments and silk products, production of conserved foods and alcoholic beverages.

The Economy Of Albania

The Economy of Albania is much diversified. The country experiences a significant number of tourists each year making tourism one of the biggest contributors to the economy. Almost all cities have tourism as a primary economic activity. Albanian cities have established manufacturing industries. Most cities thrive on Tobacco products, cigarette manufacturing, production of preserved foods and alcoholic beverages. Also, these towns have agricultural areas surrounding them, which make agriculture a significant economic activity to the Albanians.

Which Are The Biggest Cities In Albania?

RankCity / TownPopulation
1Tiranë858,262
2Durrës201,519
3Vlorë141,513
4Elbasan126,703
5Shkodër102,075
6Kamëz66,841
7Fier55,845
8Korçë51,152
9Berat32,606
10Lushnjë31,105
11Pogradec20,848
12Kavajë20,192
13Gjirokastër19,836
14Fushë-Krujë18,477
15Sarandë17,233
16Laç17,086
17Kukës16,719
18Sukth15,966
19Patos15,937
20Lezhë15,510
21Mamurras15,284
22Peshkopi13,251
23Kuçovë12,654
24Krujë11,721
25Vorë10,901
26Burrel10,862
27Rrëshen8,803
28Milot8,461
29Divjakë8,445
30Gramsh8,440
31Bulqizë8,177
32Vau i Dejës8,117
33Shëngjin8,091
34Klos7,873
35Ballsh7,657
36Shijak7,568
37Ura Vajgurore7,232
38Rrogozhinë7,049
39Librazhd6,937
40Cërrik6,695
41Manëz6,652
42Peqin6,353
43Bilisht6,250
44Krumë6,006
45Përmet5,945
46Prrenjas5,847
47Delvinë5,754
48Orikum5,503
49Bajram Curri5,340
50Roskovec4,975
51Rubik4,454
52Tepelenë4,342
53Poliçan4,318
54Maliq4,290
55Çorovodë4,051
56Ersekë3,746
57Koplik3,734
58Pukë3,607
59Himarë2,822
60Këlcyrë2,651
61Memaliaj2,647
62Fushë-Arrëz2,513
63Bajzë2,346
64Krrabë2,343
65Selenicë2,235
66Konispol2,123
67Libohovë1,992
68Reps1,899
69Fierzë1,607
70Krastë1,540
71Leskovik1,525
72Finiq1,333
73Ulëz1,229
74Kurbnesh489

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