1. World Map/
  2. Asia/
  3. Middle East/
  4. Uzbekistan/
  5. Uzbekistan Timeline

Uzbekistan History Timeline

  • (1st Century BC) Overland trade routes formed, including Great Silk Road, linking China with Middle East and Imperial Rome
600s AD - 1800s
  • (600 - 700) Arabs conquered area, converted inhabitants to Islam
  • (800 - 900) Persian Samanid Dynasty became dominant, Bukhara developed as important center for Islamic cultures
  • (1200 – 1300) Central Asia conquered by Genghis Khan, became part of Mongol empire
  • (1300's) Tamerlane, the Mongol-Turkic ruler, established empire, Samarkand became capital
  • (1865 - 1876) Russians took over Tashkent, incorporated vast areas of Central Asia
  • (1917) After Bolshevik revolution in Russia, Tashkent Soviet was established
  • (1918 - 1922) Communist rulers closed mosques, persecuted Muslim clergy
  • (1920) Emir of Bukhara and other khans were ousted by Tashkent Soviet
  • (1921 - 1924) Reorganization of regional states resulted in creation of Uzbekistan and other countries
  • (1944) Joseph Stalin deported over 160,000 Meskhetian Turks from Georgia to Uzbekistan
  • (1950's – 1980's) Major irrigation projects for cotton production aided the drying up of Aral Sea
  • (1954) Soviet Union established biological weapons test site on Vozrozhdeniye Island
  • (1966) Most of Tashkent was destroyed by earthquake, 10 killed, 1,000 injured, 100,000 left homeless
  • (1989) Islam Karimov became leader of Uzbek Communist Party
  • (1989) Attacks against Meskhetian Turks in Fergana Valley occurred
  • (1990) Communist Party of Uzbekistan declared sovereignty, Islam Karimov became president
  • (1991) Uzbekistan declared independence. After collapse of USSR, joined the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)
  • (1991) Islam Karimov won presidential election
  • (1992) Birlik and Erk parties banned by President Karimov
  • (1992) Opposition members arrested for alleged anti-state activities
  • (1992) Uzbekistan adopted first constitution
  • (1994) Economic integration treaty signed with Russia
  • (1994) Economic, military and social cooperation treaties are signed with Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan
  • (1995) Erk activists jailed for conspiring to overthrow the government
  • (1995) Ruling People's Democratic Party (formerly Communist Party of Uzbekistan) won general election, President Karimov's term extended for five years
  • (1996) Kyrgystan, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan agreed to single economic market
  • (1999) More than a dozen people killed by bombs in Tashkent
  • (1999) Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU) declared "jihad", demanded resignation of Uzbek leadership
  • (1999) IMU fighters began series of skirmishes with government forces from mountain hideouts
  • (2000) Karimov re-elected president
  • (2000) Uzbekistan accused of widespread use of torture by Human Rights Watch
  • (2001) Over 70 people jailed for terrorism after border incursions in the south by Islamic militants
  • (2001) IMU attacked government troops and TV transmitter in southern Uzbekistan,
2000s continued
  • (2001) Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) formed by Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, China and Russia to promote trade, investments
  • (2001) U.S. granted permission by Uzbekistan to use air bases for action in Afghanistan
  • (2002) President Karimov won referendum to extend presidential term from five to seven years
  • (2002) Long-standing border dispute settled by Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan
  • (2003) Open congress held by banned Birlik party
  • (2003) Formal meeting held by Erk opposition party
  • (2003) Prime minister Otkir Sultanov ousted by President Karimov, Shavkay Mirziyayev replaced him
  • (2004) Nearly 50 people killed in shootings and bombings
  • (2004) Uzbekistan's aid was cut by European Bank for Reconstruction and Development due to poor record of economic development and human rights
  • (2004) U.S. and Israeli Embassies in Tashkent struck by suicide bombers
  • (2004) Thousands of people protested in Kokand due to restrictions on market traders
  • (2004) Agreement to share water resources signed by Uzbek and Turkmen presidents
  • (2005) Gunmen stormed prison, released inmates in Andijan
  • (2005) Troops opened fire on demonstrators in Andijan, over 190 killed
  • (2005) Upper house of Parliament voted to evict US forces from air base at Khanabad
  • (2005) Thousands of Uzbeks, waiting to flee across the border into Kyrgyzstan, stormed government buildings, torched police cars, attacked border guards
  • (2005) European Union imposed sanctions on Uzbekistan for punishment for refusing to allow international investigation into uprising in Andijon
  • (2007) Islam Karimov won another term in presidential elections
  • (2007) Kyrgyz journalist killed in Osh
  • (2008) US allowed limited access to southern Termez air base for operations in Afghanistan
  • (2009) U.S. troops allowed to transport supplies through Uzbekistan to troops in Afghanistan
  • (2009) European Union lifted sanctions imposed in 2005 despite concerns over human rights abuses
  • (2009) Uzbekistan set up new power lines, announced withdrawal from Soviet-era power grid
  • (2010) Uzbek refugees from Kyrgyzstan allowed brief stay in Uzbekistan
  • (2011) Uzbekistan government expelled Human Rights Watch employees from country

Uzbekistan Photographs

Photos used are from public domain sources and from en.wikipedia.org

Trending on WorldAtlas

Countries of Asia

This page was last modified on April 7, 2017.