Bali is an Indonesian island located in the westernmost end of the Lesser Sunda Islands, lying between Java to the west and Lombok to the east.
Bali is Indonesia's
favorite tourist destination, known for its natural attractions, perfect climate and relaxed atmosphere. This island of flowers, temples and friendly people is considered a real gem by travelers worldwide.
In addition to spas and archaeological attractions, surfing and scuba diving in Bali remain a principle interest for water sport enthusiasts around the world.
From the tranquil reefs of Padang Bai in the northwest, to the breathtaking drift diving off Nusa Penida in the south, Bali is teeming with reputable dive centers.
Exuberant children, Nusa Dua, Bali
The flag of Bali
- Name: Bali
- Capital City: Denpasar
- Population: 3,891,428 (2010 est.)
- World Populations (all countries)
- Currency: Indonesian rupiah
- Ethnicity: Balinese (89%), Javanese (7%), Baliaga (1%), Madurese (1%)
- Language: Indonesian (official), Balinese
- Largest Cities: (by population) Denpasar, Singaraja, Tabanan, Negara, Kuta, Ubud, Klungkung
- National Day: August 17
- Religion: Hindu (92.29%), Muslim (5.69%), Christian (1.38%), Buddhist (0.64%)
contains the province coat of arms, centered on a light saffron background.
Small village at the base of Mt. Agung, Bali
- Land Area:
(land) 2,174 sq miles (5,632 sq km)
(water) 0 sq miles (0 sq km)
(TOTAL) 2,174 sq miles (5,632 sq km)
To convert sq km (kilometers) to sq mi (miles)
use our converter
- Land Area: (all countries)
- Latitude & Longitude: Denpasar (capital city)
(08° 39' S, 115° 13' E)
- Horizontal Width: 54.08 miles (87.03 km) from Gilimanuk east to Catur
- Vertical Length: 62.15 miles (100.02 km) from Yeh Sanih south to Sanur
Note: Lengths and widths are point-to-point, straight-line measurements from a Mercator map projection, and will vary some using other map projections
- Geographic Center: About 16.28 miles (26.2 km) southwest of Catur
- Highest Point: Mount Agung 10,328 ft. (3,148 m)
- Lowest Point: Bali Sea 0 m
Bali lies 3.2 km (2 mi) east of Java, and is approximately 8 degrees south of the equator. Bali and Java are separated by the Bali Strait.
The island's central mountains include several peaks over 3,000 meters in elevation. The highest is Mount Agung, standing at 10,328 ft. (3,148 m) An active volcano known as the "Mother Mountain," it last erupted in 1963, and lava flows devastated numerous villages, killing 1,500 people.
Bali's volcanic nature has contributed to its exceptional fertility and its tall mountain ranges provide the high rainfall that supports the highly productive agriculture sector. South of the mountains is a broad, steadily descending area where most of Bali's large rice crop is grown.
The northern side of the mountains slopes more steeply to the sea and is the main coffee producing area of the island, along with rice, vegetables and cattle.
Dozens of (very small) rivers drain the island. The longest river, the Ayung, flows approximately 75 km.
The island is surrounded by coral reefs. Beaches in the south tend to have white sand while those in the north and west have black sand.