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Afghanistan Facts

  • Name: Afghanistan
    (long form) Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
  • Capital City: Kabul (3,895,000 pop.)
  • Afghanistan Population: 30,419,928 (2012 est.)
  • World Populations (all countries)
  • Currency: Afghani (AFA)
    (conversion rates)

    Afghani
    1000 Afghanis
  • Ethnicity: Pashtun 42%, Tajik 27%, Hazara 9%, Uzbek 9%, Aimak 4%, Turkmen 3%, Baloch 2%, other 4%
  • GDP total: $19.85 billion (2012 est.)
  • GDP per capita: $1,000 (2012 est.)
  • Land Sizes
  • Language: Afghan Persian or Dari (official) 50%, Pashto (official) 35%, Turkic languages (primarily Uzbek and Turkmen) 11%, 30 minor languages (primarily Balochi and Pashai) 4%, much bilingualism
  • Largest Cities: (by population) Kabul, Kandahar, Mazar-I-Sharif, Charikar, Herat, Jalalabad
  • Name: Meaning, "Land of the Afghans," Afghanistan's name originated in ancient times, and refers to the Pashtun people
  • National Day: August 19
  • Religion: Sunni Muslim 80%, Shia Muslim 19%, other 1%
  • Symbols

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This page was last modified on April 7, 2017.