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Mozambique History Timeline

200s - 1800s
  • (200s AD) Bantu-speaking tribes moved into the area from west-central Africa
  • (1000s) The Shona Empire was established between the Limpopo and Zambezi rivers
  • (1500s) Portuguese forts and trading posts were constructed along the coast
  • (1700s) Mozambique evolved into a major slave-trading post
  • (1842) Slave trading outlawed
  • (1895) The Battle of Marracuene occurred

1900s
  • (1932) Portugal broke up the trading companies and imposed a direct ruling over the colony
  • (1962) The Front for the Liberation of Mozambique (FRELIMO) was formed and headed by Eduardo Mondlane
  • (1964) FRELIMO initiated a war of independence and gained control of much of northern Mozambique
  • (1974) A transitional government was established
  • (1975) Mozambique gained independence as a single-party system; Samora Machel was named president
  • (1976) The Mozambican National Resistance (RENAMO) was formed by white Rhodesian officers
  • (1977 - 1992) A long and violent civil war occurred between opposition forces of RENAMO and the FRELIMO regime
  • (1986) President Machel was killed in an air crash; Joaquim Chissano named president
  • (1990) The government amended the constitution to allow for a multi-party system
  • (1994) President Chissano was re-elected

2000s
  • (2000) Rioting at RENAMO oppositional protests killed more than 40
  • (2001) Nearly 70,000 people were displaced after flooding in the Zambezi Valley
  • (2005) Armando Guebuza elected president
  • (2008) Thousands displaced due to flooding along the Zambezi valley
  • (2009) President Guebuza was re-elected
  • (2013) RENAMO threatened to pull out of the 1992 peace deal

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This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.